54 terms

New Republic

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Precedent
An act that sets an example for others to follow
Cabinet
The President's advisers
Neutral
Not taking sides in a war or conflict
Tariff
A tax on foreign goods brought into a country
Alexander Hamilton
George Washington's Secretary of the Treasury
Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of State, leader of the Republican Party; 3rd President of the United States
Henry Knox
Secretary of War
Edmund Randolph
Attorney General
National Bank
Hamilton's plan to have a place to deposit government money. Hamilton argued that the Necessary and Proper Clause gave the government the authority to create the bank.
Whiskey Rebellion
Pennsylvania farmers were angry about a tax on whiskey. Washington responded by sending the militia to end the rebellion.
Hamilton's Financial Plan
Alexander Hamilton's ideas to fix the country's financial problems. He would pay off Revolutionary War debt, create a protective tariff and a National Bank.
Washington's foreign challenges
The French Revolution and impressment of American sailors
Washington's domestic challenges
The Whiskey Rebellion and Revolutionary War debt
Federalists
Believed in a strong government and loose interpretation of the Constitution. Favored the National Bank and the protective tariff.
Republicans
Believed in state's rights and strict interpretation of the Constitution. Opposed the National Bank and the protective tariff.
Washington's Farewell Address
George Washington warned the nation to stay neutral and avoid political parties. Washington's policies of neutrality remained American foreign policy until they joined NATO in 1949.
George Washington's precedents
Creating a Cabinet of advisers, and serving two terms.
The Election of 1796
A Federalist, John Adams, was elected President and a Republican, Thomas Jefferson, was elected Vice President.
Jay's Treaty
The US paid debts owed to Britain, and the British agreed to leave the Northwest territory
XYZ Affair
French government agents tried to bribe the United States. President Adams negotiated with France to avoid war.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Federalist laws which targeted immigrants and Republicans. The laws increased the power of the President and limited free speech.
Virginia Kentucky Resolutions
Declared that states could nullify federal laws that the state considered unconstitutional
Louisiana Purchase
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
Laissez Faire
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
Embargo Act
1807 act which ended all of America's importation and exportation. Jefferson hoped the act would pressure the French and British to recognize U.S. neutrality rights in exchange for U.S. goods. Really, however, just hurt Americans and our economy and got repealed in 1809.
Judiciary Act of 1801
Act created new federal judgeships that president Adams tried to fill with Federalist judges before leaving office
Marbury vs. Madison
1803 Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review
Judicial Review
Power of the Supreme Court to decide whether acts of a President or laws passed by Congress are constitutional. Established in Marbury vs. Madison
Hamilton vs. Burr
Aaron Burr plotted to help New England and New York secede from the union, but Hamilton exposed his conspiracy. They had a duel and Burr mortally wounds Hamilton with a gun
War with Tripoli
U.S. refused to pay high tribute to Barbary Pirates so they declared war and captured an American ship. Navy Captain Stephen Decatur sneaked into the harbor and burnt the ship to the ground.
Neutral Rights
the right to sail the seas and not take sides in a war; Britain and France began seizing American ships when they were trading with the other country.
James Madison
Father of the Constitution; 4th President of the United States
War of 1812
A war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was over England trying to interfere with American trade and arming the Native Americans. Its lasting impact was the expansion of American manufacturing due to a desire not to be independent economically.
Impressment
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
Blockade
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
War Hawks
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Native Americans
The only losers of the War of 1812; they had their tribes almost wiped out
White House
When Washington D.C was attacked, this is what got burned down.
Star Spangled Banner
This is our National Anthem which was written during the war. After the bombing of Ft. McHenry (Battle of Baltimore).
Francis Scott Key
A washington lawyer who watched the all-night battle at Fort McHenry and showed his pride by writing what became the national anthem
Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
Andrew Jackson
Hero of the Battle of New Orleans
James Monroe
Fifth President of the
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country (Era of Good Feelings)
Democratic-Republicans
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank. It was the only political party left after the War of 1812
Adams-Onis Treaty
1819 treaty between the United States and Spain in which Spain ceded Florida to the United States
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere. In return, the United States agreed to stay out of European politics.
Sectionalism
Loyalty to a region
Protective Tariff
A tax on imported goods that raises the price of imports so people will buy domestic goods. The North loved these tariffs because they helped their manufacturing. The South hated the tariffs because they had to pay more for goods.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
1819 - The state of Maryland taxed banknotes produced by the Bank of the United States, claiming that the Bank was unconstitutional. Using implied powers, Marshall countered that the Bank was constitutional and ruled that Maryland was forbidden from taxing the Bank. This is the first test of the Necessary and Proper Clause.
Gibbons vs. Ogden
1824 - Supreme Court decision that ruled that the constitution gave control of interstate commerce to the U.S. Congress, not the individual states through which a route passed.
Missouri Compromise
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all new states created out of the Louisiana Territory North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Political Parties
groups of people who organize to help elect government officials and influence government policies - started with Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
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