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Body Systems, Digestion in the Mouth, Digestion in the Stomach
Terms in this set (30)
A complete living thing, including animals and plants.
The smallest unit of an organism that can carry out the basic functions of life.
A group of similar cells that work together to carry out a specific function.
A group of different tissues that work together to perform a specific function.
A group of organs that work together to perform a specific function.
A digestive enzyme that breaks down starch. It is found in saliva.
A chemical indicator that, when added to a solution and heated, changes from blue to light green to red in the presence of increasing concentrations of sugar.
One of the three basic food types. May be in the form of starch, sugar, or fiber. Found in cereals, breads, and vegetables.
A pulpy mixture of food and gastric juices. Produced in the stomach, from which it passes into the small intestine.
A protein that is capable of speeding up a chemical reaction.
One of the three basic food types; found in oils and some dairy products.
An indigestible carbohydrate such as cellulose that stimulates peristalsis in the intestine.
A liquid that includes hydrochloric acid and pepsin and that is responsible for the chemical digestion of protein in the stomach.
A painful sensation in the lower esophagus or upper stomach; sometimes caused by excess stomach acid.
A component of gastric juice that helps create the environment that pepsin needs to break down protein in the stomach.
A substance that changes in some way to indicate the presence of another substance. Examples include Benedict's solution and Lugol solution.
A yellow-brown indicator that turns blue-black when it comes in contact with starch.
An enzyme in the stomach that breaks down protein.
Regular muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract.
One of the three basic food types; needed for building and repair of tissue in the body. Found in beef, egg whites, nuts, and pork.
Watery substance secreted by three pairs of glands around the mouth. Helps moisten and soften food for swallowing.
The teeth and stomach breaking down food into smaller pieces.
Amylase and Pepsin breaking down starch and proteins.
This carbohydrate begins chemical digestion in the mouth.
This muscle helps move food to the back of the mouth for swallowing.
A small hole in the lining of the stomach, caused in spots where there is no mucus and the gastric juice begins to digest the stomach wall
This organ prevents food and/or drink from entering the trachea
A moist ball made up of chewed up food and saliva.
The sphincter between the stomach and the small intestine.
The sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach.
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