83 terms

Gateway B1 - Unit 6 (Living Planet) - English-English

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beach
(n) an area of sand or small stones beside the sea or a lake
coast
(n) an area of land along the edge of a sea
desert
(n) a large area of land with few plants and dry weather
forest
(n) a large area of land that is covered by trees and other plants growing close together
ice cap
(n) a large area of ice that covers the land and sea around the North or South Pole
jungle
(n) a thick tropical forest
mountain range
(n) a long row of mountains
rainforest
(n) a forest in a tropical region of the world where it rains a lot
The environment
drought
(n) a long period of time when there is little or no rain
environment
(n) 1 the place in which people live and work, including all the physical conditions that affect them; 2 the environment: the natural world, including the land, water, air, plants, and animals
flood
(n) a large amount of water that covers an area that was dry before
global warming
(n) the increase in the temperature of the Earth that is caused partly by increasing amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
greenhouse effect
(n) the situation in which heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere, which causes the temperature of the Earth to rise
nuclear disaster
(n) an accident involving nuclear power
oil spill
(n) an amount of oil that has accidentally flowed out of its container
ozone layer
(n) a layer of ozone in the Earth's atmosphere that protects the Earth from the harmful effects of the Sun
pollution
(n) chemicals and other substances that have a harmful effect on air, water, or land
recycle
(v) to treat waste materials so that they can be used again
save
(v) 1 to make it possible for someone or something to avoid danger, harm, injury etc; 2 to avoid using something such as money, time, or energy, or to use less of it; 3 to keep or store something so that you can use it in the future
waste
(n & v) to use more of something than is necessary, or to use it in a way that does not produce the best results
affect
(v) to change or influence something, often in a negative way
anniversary
(n) a date when you celebrate something that happened in a previous year that is important to you
arsonist
(n) someone who deliberately starts fires, especially in buildings
atmosphere
(n) 1 the mood that exists in a place and affects the people there; 2 the air round the Earth or round another planet
attraction
(n) 1 an interesting place or object that people come to see; 2 a reason for liking something or someone or being interested in it/ them
burn
(v) 1 to damage or destroy something with fire; 2 to injure someone or a part of your body with something hot; 3 to put information onto a CD-ROM
bushfire
(n) a fire in areas in hot countries like Australia and Africa that are not used for growing crops.
canteen
(n) a room in a factory, school, or hospital where meals are served
catastrophic
(adj) causing a lot of damage, or making a lot of people suffer
celebrate
(v) to do something enjoyable in order to show that an occasion or event is special
cheap
(adj) 1 not expensive; 2 not expensive and not of good quality
close to
(adj & adv) only a short distance away
community
(n) the people who live in an area
consequence
(n) a result or effect of something
convict
(n) someone who is in prison because they have committed a crime
cut down
(v) to cut through a tree and make it fall to the ground
definitely
(adv) 1 without any doubt; 2 used for emphasizing that you mean 'yes'
deliberately
(adv) with a definite intention, and not by chance or by accident
disastrous
(adj) very bad, harmful, or unsuccessful
dry
(adj & v) 1 something that is dry has little or no water or other liquid inside or on it; 2 with no rain; 3 to remove the water from something by wiping it, heating it, or blowing air onto it
east
(adj, adv & n) the direction that is in front of you when you are facing the rising sun
efficient
(adj) working well and producing good results by using the available time, money, supplies etc in the most effective way
energy
(n) 1 the power that your body needs in order to do physical things; 2 electricity and other forms of power used for making things work
excursion
(n) a short journey that you make for pleasure
fancy
(v) 1 to want to have or do something; 2 to believe or imagine that something is true
farmer
(n) someone who owns or manages a farm
footprint
(n) a mark made by a human or animal foot in a soft surface such as earth, snow, or sand
frequent
(adj) happening often
fume
(n & v) to feel or show a lot of anger
generate
(v) to produce something, or to cause something to exist
glass (= material)
(n) a hard clear substance that is used for making objects such as windows or bottles
habit
(n) something that you do often
heat
(n) the quality of being hot, or how hot something is
honest
(adj) 1 a person who is honest does not tell lies or cheat people, and obeys the law; 2 telling the truth, or not cheating people
increase
(n & v) to become larger in number or amount, or to make something do this
indigenous
(adj) 1 indigenous people lived in a place for a very long time before other people came to live there; 2 indigenous plants and animals belong to a region because they developed there
influence
(v) to affect someone or something
lifestyle
(n) the type of life that someone has, for example the type of things that they own and the type of activities that they do
material
(n) cloth
melt
(v) to change a solid substance into a liquid, or to be changed from a solid into a liquid
mix
(v) 1 to combine two or more substances so that they become a single substance; 2 to combine things such as activities, ideas, or styles
packaging
(n) the boxes, plastic etc that are used for wrapping products
perhaps
(adv) 1 used for saying that you are not certain whether something is true; 2 used when you are making a suggestion, giving advice, or making a polite request
petrol
(n) a liquid that is used as a fuel for cars and other vehicles
population
(n) 1 the number of people who live in a particular area; 2 all the people who live in a particular area
power
(n & v) 1 the ability to influence or control people; 2 energy that is used for operating equipment and machines; 3 physical force or strength
protect
(v) to keep someone or something safe
reef
(n) a long line of rock or coral in the sea, with its top just below or just above the surface
relatively
(adv) in comparison with someone or something similar
restriction
(n) something, for example a law, that limits what you can do
scientist
(n) someone who is trained in science, especially someone whose job is to do scientific research
sea level
(n) the average level of the sea. It is used for measuring the height of parts of the land.
shower
(n & v) 1 a piece of equipment that forces small drops of water into the air and is used for washing your body, or a small area with a shower in it; 2 the activity of washing yourself by standing under a shower
silly
(adj) 1 not intelligent or sensible; 2 not important
slow down
(v) to move at a slower speed, or to make someone or something move at a slower speed
space (outer space)
(n) the whole of the universe outside the Earth's atmosphere
suggestion
(n) 1 an idea or plan that you offer for someone to consider; 2 the act of suggesting something
thirsty
(adj) feeling that you want or need to drink something
tonne
(n) a unit for measuring weight, equal to 1,000 kilograms
toothbrush
(n) a small brush that you use for cleaning your teeth
water
(v) 1 to pour water on plants in order to keep them healthy; 2 if your eyes water, tears form in them because something is hurting them; 3 if your mouth waters when you see or smell nice food, saliva begins to form in your mouth
wild
(adj & n) 1 a wild animal or plant lives or grows on its own in natural conditions and is not raised by humans; 2 a wild area is one where people do not live or cannot live; 3 exciting and enjoyable
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