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34 terms

Module 1

CH 1&2
STUDY
PLAY
Psychiatrists went to medical school
One major difference between psychiatrists and clinical psychologists is...
Clergy
Who treated abnormality in the Middle Ages in Europe?
food deprivation
A psychologist was interested in the effect of hunger on psychological disturbances. She food deprived half of a group of healthy volunteers for one day and fed the other half normally. She then administered the MMPI-2 to all the participants. What was the independent variable?
Hypnotism
What was the early psychogenic treatment that was advocated by Mesmer, Josef Breuer, and even Sigmund Freud?
The placebo group gets no treatment
What is the ethical concern about placebo drug studies?
Demonology
What model of mental illness did most people hold during the Middle Ages?
Psychotropics
Drugs that alleviate the symptoms of mental dysfunction by affecting the brain are?
Anxiety medication
The best psychotropic drug for excessive worry would be?
Studying unusual problems
What are case studies useful for?
State mental hospitals
Part of the legacy of Dorothea Dix
Johann Weyer
The founder of the modern study of psychopathology.
Psychogenic
An otherwise "normal" person during hypnotic suggestion is made to bark, sit, and fetch like a dog. The occurrence of these "abnormal" behaviors lends support to which explanation for abnormality?
Emil Kraepelin
German researcher who argued that physical factors may cause mental dysfunction, and developed the first modern classification system for abnormal behaviors, was
Antidepressant drug
If a person is very unhappy, the condition is chronic and severe, and the psychiatrist prescribed medication, it would likely be
Incidence
Rate of occurrence in a disease that develop in a certain time period.
Dysfunction
Definition of abnormality includes the inability to care for oneself and work productively.
Evil spirits
The use of exorcism suggests a belief that we call mental illness was caused by?
Behavioral
Theory focused on learned responses to the environment
Cognitive-behavioral
"Thoughts, as well as overt behaviors, are acquired and modified by various forms of conditioning." The orientation of the author of this quote most likely would be?
Enmeshed
If a mother seems excessively involved in her child's life such that they do not seem to be independent people, their relationship is said to be
Ego
The part of the personality that guides us to know when we can and cannot express our instinctual impulses is the
Psychodynamic
The model most likely to predict that transference will occur during therapy is?
Condition stimulus
A child is bitten by a vicious dog in front of a park. The child is later very afraid of the park. According to classical conditioning, the park is a
Cope better with life stresses than nonreligious people
Recent research on the role of religion in mental health shows that religious people who view God as warm and caring
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Treatment of depression
reflect our unconscious desires and needs
According to psychoanalytic theory, which of the following is true regarding dreams
Psychodynamic
The model most likely to use terms such as "resistance" and "transference"
Synapses
Messages moving from neuron to neuron must cross tiny spaces called
Systematic desensitization
A client in a totally relaxed state vividly imagines formerly anxiety-arousing situations without feeling any lingering anxiety. Most likely, that client has just completed what type of therapy
Systematic desensitization
Treatment of phobias
Psychodynamic model
The model of abnormality that focuses on unconscious internal processes and conflicts in behavior is
Unconditional self-regard
If you recognize your worth as a person, Carl Rogers would say that you have developed
Sociocultural model
The model of abnormality that examines the effects of society and culture
Prevention
Primary focus of the community treatment approach to abnormality