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Veterinary Medical Terminology- Common Anatomical Terms for Equine Species

Common Anatomical Terms for Equine Species ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 4 Head to Toe (and Parts in Between)
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Barrel
capacity of the chest of trunk
bars
raised V-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof
cannon bone
third metacarpal of the horse; also called the shin bone
cheek
fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the side of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips
chest
part of the body between the neck and abdomen; the thorax
chestnuts
horny, irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs the chestnuts are near the hock
coffin joint
distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and the coffin bones [phalanges 11 and 111, respectively]) in ungulates
corners
third incisors of equine
coronary band (coronet)
junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof
crest
root of the mane
croup
muscular area around and above the tail base
cutters
second incisors of equine
dock
solid part of the equine tail
elbow
forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna
ergot
small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock
fetlock
the area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon
fetlock joint
metarcapophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and long pastern bone [phalanx 1] in ungulates
flank
side of the body between the ribs and ilium
forelock
in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead
frog
V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof.
gaskin (crus)
muscular portion of the hind-limb between the stifle and the hock
heart girth
circumference of the chest just caudal tot he shoulders and cranial to the back
heel
caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb
hoof
hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hoofwall
hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
knee
carpus in ungulates
ungulates
animal with hoofs
loin
lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis
mane
region of long, coarse hair at the dorsal boarder of the neck and terminating at the pole
muzzle
two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip
nippers
central incisors of equine
paralumbar fossa
hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally)
pastern
area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof
pastern joint
Proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones [phalanges I and II, respectively]) in ungulates.
poll
the top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
quarter
lateral or medial side of hoof
shoulder
region around the large joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula
sole
palmar and planter surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shapped bottom of the hoof
stifle joint
femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
tail
caudal part of the vertebrate column extending beyond the trunk
tail head
base of the tail where it connects to the body
teat
nipple of mammary gland
toe
crainal side of the hoof
udder
mammary gland
white line
fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof
withers
region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin