Veterinary Medical Terminology- Common Anatomical Terms for Cattle

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Common Anatomical Terms for Cattle ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 4 Head to Toe (and Parts in Between)


Mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs.

Cannon Bone

Third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant (not commonly used) also called the shin bone.

Coffin bone

Distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones [phalanges II and III, respectively]) in ungulates.


Dorsal margin of the neck.


Accessory claw of the ruminant foot that that projects caudally from the fetlock.


Loose skin under the throat and neck, which may become pendulous in some breeds.


Solid part of the tail.


Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna.

Fetlock joint

metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone [phalanx I ]) in ungulates.


Side of the body between the ribs and ilium.


part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee.


Region of the head between the eyes and ears.

Heart girth

Circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.


Caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.


Tarsal joint.


Hard covering of the digit in ungulates.

Hoof wall

Hard; horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.


Protrusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsolateral area of ruminants.


Carpus in ungulates.


Lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis.


Two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip.

Paralumbar fossa

Hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally).

Pastern joint

Proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones [phalanges I and II, respectively]) in ungulates.


pertaining to the foot.


Protrusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants.


Top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest.


One of the four glands in the cow's udder.


Region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula.


Palmar of or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof.

Stifle joint

Femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds.


Tuft of hair at the end of the tail.


Caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk.

Tail Head

Base of the tail where it connects to the body.


Nipple of mammary gland.


Cranial end of the hoof.


Mammary gland.

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