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The central truth of Christianity; the mystery of the life, death, and resurrection and ascension of Jesus.
A name to describe Catholic religious women dedicated to God with vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience
The process by which an individual becomes a member of the church; includes three sacraments of initiation: baptism, confirmation, and eucharist
A detailed statement of the Christian faith which came from the first two ecumenical councils: Nicea (325) and Constantinople (381)
The feast-fifty days after Easter-that celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit on the church
The feast day (March 25) that celebrates Mary's acceptance of the angel's request that she be Mother of God
A devotion to Mary, the mother of God, consisting primarily of Hail Mary's and Our Fathers and meditation on the joyful, luminous sorrowful, and glorious mysteries
A holy nun who cared for dying persons with no place to go and founded the Missionaries of Charity
The theological term that names the change of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ
Communion, breaking of the bread, Lord's Supper, Sacrifice of the Mass, Holy Liturgy, Memorial feast
Perfumed oil consecrated by the bishop and signifying the gift of the spirit to the one anointed
A sacred three-day period in the church that begins with the Mass of the Lord's Supper on Holy Thursday and concludes on the evening of Easter Sunday
Holy Days of Obligation
Days other than Sundays on which the faithful are obliged to attend and participate at mass
Anointing of the Sick
One of the seven sacraments; usually for people who are in danger of death or are experiencing an extended or serious illness
The four books of the Bible that give a record of the life of Jesus; Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
The weekly day of rest and worship in the Hebrew tradition; replaced by Sunday for Christians
Separation from God for all eternity by our own free choice; definitive self-exclusion from communion with God
Pope John Paul II
Was the first non-Italian pope in over four hundred years: the pope who shephered the church into the third millennium
Giving food, money, and clothing to relieve the poor; th giving must be free and done for the love of God
Communion of Saints
Union of the believers on earth, the souls in purgatory, and blessed in heaven, altogether forming one church
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Wisdom, courage, right judgment, understanding, knowledge, reverence, wonder and awe in god's presence
A special prayer in which the church, in the name of Jesus, asks that a person be withdrawn from the dominion of the devil
A gathering of all bishops of the world in order to make solemn decisions for the universal church
The German priest who broke from the Catholic church and started a Christian sect named for him
The human person's response to God, who reveals himself and gives himself to us; the personal adherence of the individual to God
The abstinence from sexual intercourse outside of marriage; moral purity in thought and conduct
Matthew, Mark, and Luke; commonly believed to be derived from the same source; the word means "seeing with the same eye"
Seal of Confession
The absolute confidentiality required of a priest regarding sins revealed in confession
A gift from God that perfects the soul and enables us to live with God and to act according to his call
Most severe penalty in the church which excludes the person from receiving communion
The major religion of India; characterized by the belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures
The unbroken chain of authority that extends from the apostles to the bishops of today
Christian objects, prayers, or blessings that are identified as sacred; for example: the sign of the cross, a crucifix, blessed oils, statues of Saints
Greek word meaning "to pray"; a Christian form of prayer that includes invocations and responses
A seven-day Jewish festival that recalls how the angel of death "passed over" the Hebrew people and allowed them to escape Egypt
Special help the Holy Spirit provides to protect the church from error in matters of faith and morals
College of Bishops
Refers to all the bishops of the world together in union with their head, the bishop of Rome
The power of the Holy Spirit, working through human authors, to compose the sacred books of scripture
A Greek word meaning "letter" or "message"; for example: the letters of St. Paul contained in the New Testament
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