Common Anatomical Terms for Goats ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 4 Head to Toe (and Parts in Between)


mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs (front of the chest between the two front legs just above the chest floor)

cannon bone (shin bone)

third and fourth metacarpal of the ruminant


thoracic region of the back

coffin joint

distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones)


dorsal margin of the neck


an accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock


the forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna

fetlock joint

metacarpophalangeal matatarsophalangeal joint (joint between cannon bone and long pastern bone


the side of the body extending from the ribs to the ilium


part of the foreleg supported by the radius and the ulna, between the elbow and the knee


region of the head between the eyes and the ears

heart girth

the circumference of the chest, just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back

heel (bulb)

the rear or caudal region of the hoof


the tarsal bones

hoof (foot)

hard covering of the digit in ungulates

hoof wall

hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates


prostrusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsal-lateral area of the ruminants

horn butt

site of previous horn growth on the poll region of the head between the eyes and ears


carpal bones (mid-lower front legs) carpus in ungulates


the lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis


two nostrils (including th eskin and fascia and the muscles of the upper and lower lip

paralumbar fossa

hollow area of the flank whose boundries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally)

pastern joint

proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones I and II) in ungulates


pertaining to the foot


protrusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants


dorsal surface of the cranium


sacral to the tail end region of the back


the region around the large joint connecting the scapula and the humerus


palmar or planter surface of the hoof; bottom of the hoof.


corresponds to the human knee, the joint connecting femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds


caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk

tail head

the base of the tail where it connect to the body


the nipple of the mammary gland


the cranial end of the hoof


the mammary glands of the farm animal


appendages suspended from the head


region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin

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