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Common Anatomical Terms for Sheep ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 4 Head to Toe (and Parts in Between)


Mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs.

Cannon bone (shin bone)

Third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant

Coffin Joint

Distal interphalangeal joint ( joint between the short pastern and coffin boner [phalanges II and III, respectively]) in ungulates.


Dorsal margin of the neck.


Accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock.


Solid part of the tail.


Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna.

Fetlock Joint

Metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone [phalanx I]) in ungulates.


Side of the body between the ribs and ilium.


Part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee.


Region of the head between the eyes and ears.

Heart Girth

Circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.


Caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.


Tarsal joint


Hard covering of the digit in ungulates.

Hoof wall

Hard; horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.


Carpus in ungulates.


Lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis.


Two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip.

Paralumbar fossa

Hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally).

Pastern Joint

Proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones [phalanges I and II, respectively]) in ungulates.


Pertaining to the foot.


Top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest.


Sacral to tailhead region of the back.


Region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula.


Palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof.

Stifle joint

Femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds.

Tail Head

Base of the tail where it connects to the body.


Nipple of mammary gland.


Cranial end of the hoof.


Mammary gland.

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