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refer to the communities founded and developed by people such as villages, towns ect.
is the part of the map where you will find the explanation to the meaning of symbols and pictures on a map.
are the points of a compass that fall between the four cardinal directions.
are the areas that lie primarily between 30 and 60 degrees latitude in both hemispheres.
The International Dateline
is an imaginary line of longitude generally 180 degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian.
are all the things in and around a place that were not made or brought in by people.
are those things in and around that were built, made or brought there by people.
A geographic profile
is an outline or summary that includes the physical and human features on a map.
refers to all people or group of people regarded as forming a single community having common traditions and interest
is the occupations of interests, actions and behaviors of people interacting with the enviroment
refers to transportation and communitcation. transportation is the movement of people and goods from one place to another
human enviroment-interaction-H-E-I also explains how they adapt to enviro.
explains how people live in a place , explains how they change their enviroment, building bridges ect.
refers to the human imorints on their landscape or the unique use of physical enviroment by particular group of people
is the way people live, includes people ideas , beliefs, language, values, knowledge, customs and how they make things
is any feature of earths surface having a distinct shape and origin. include major features like ocean basins. continents ect.
also known as the ocean floor, ocean floor is the part of the earths outer surface that is covered by the ocean
is a large flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land and is usually with steep sides
refers to the lay of the land, topography is the shape of the surface features of a geographics area
is that portion of the interior part of the earth that lies beneath the mantle and goes all of the way to the cneter (inner outter core)
is a mountain or hill built up by the cruption of the molten rock and ash from the earths interior
is a shanking of the earth caused by a sudden movement of the rock beneath the earths surface
are vibrations caused by movement of rocks in the earths crust, when seismic waves reach the surface they could cause earthquakes
is a crack or fracture in the earths crust. ,movement along the fault can cause earthquakes and in the process of mountains -building
refer to the interaction of the thick slabs of rock called plates that make up the earths crust
is the average weather conditions of a particular place over a long period of time, usually 30 yrs
is a graph that shows both the average monthly tempature (line graphs) and the average monthly precipitaion (bargraph) of a place
occur in areas that maintain and average temperature of about 70 degress for all months
are found between the tropic of cancer and arcticcircle and the antartic circle and also between the tropic of capricorn and antarctic circle
is violent rotating windstorm (74 mph or higher). they are called hurricanes in the atlantic & eastern pacific
the scientific study of people from the past by looking at things they left behind (artifacts)
Old Stone Age
The early, longest period of the Stone Age, when little progress was made in human development
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
created by the Babylonians;one of the Seven Wonders of the World;not sure if this actually existed
This religion was developed by the Hebrews;followed by more than 17 million people, known as Jews
a tropical storm that develops over the Pacific Ocean, with winds that reach speeds greater than 74 miles per hour
is a form of government in which voters elect representatives to a lawmaking body (parliament), which then chooses a leader, the prime minister
is a form of government under which the government owns all the land, businesses, and resources
is a government controlled by one person, called a dictator, who usually takes power by force.
is a form of government in which most of the power is in the hands of one person, the monarch. The monarch's power is hereditary
is a form of government in which a monarch is the head of state with limited to no power. The people elect representatives to run the government-the people have the power
Native Ameriacans who lived in the Southwest from about 300 B.C. to A.D. 1300s and used irragation to bring water to the crops
a member of any of about two dozen Native American peoples called pueblos by the Spanish because they live in villages built of adobe and rock
A mound builder society that was centered in the Ohio River Valley from about 200 B.C to AD 400
raised fileds made with mud taken from the bottom of lakes which increased the amount of food farmers could grow
the earliest-known Mesoamerican civilization, which flourished aroun 1200 B.C. and influenced later societies throughout the region.
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 B.C.
Considered MesoAmerica's most advanced civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar. (p. 302)
a people who invaded central Mexico and were ruled by a military class; had a capital city of Tula; influenced the Maya; introduced the working of gold and silver; spread the worship of their god Quetzalcoatl; destroyed in the AD 1100s
group from the north that invaded central Mexico; were first wandering warriors; built their capital city at Tenochtitlan; increased their power until they dominated central Mexico; built causeways, pyramids, marketplaces, and palaces; adopted many customs from other cultures; used chinamapas for farming; militaristic society; known for human sacrifice and dedication to the sun god; ended when conquered by Spanish explorers in the 1500s
A Mesoamerican civilization of South America, known as the "children of the sun" centered in Peru. The Inca ruled a large empire and had many cultural and scientific achievements including an elaborate road system, architecture, and terrace farming. The arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores ended their empire in the 15th century.
Aztec god, the "feathered serpent," who was borrowed origionally from the Toltecs; was believed to have been defeated by another god and exiled, and he promised to return riding on a cloud.
Consisted of feeding the sun god with human sacrifices...constantly at war with darkness
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