APUSH Chapter 23 multiple choice
Terms in this set (41)
In the presidential election of 1868, Ulysses S. Grant
a. transformed his personal popularity into a large majority in the popular vote...
b. owed his victory to the votes of former slaves.
c. gained his victory by winning the votes of the majority of whites.
d. demonstrated his political skill.
e. all of the above.
B) owed his victory to the votes of former slaves.
As a result of the Civil War, ....
a. the population of the United States declined.
b. political dishonesty grew while honesty in business rose.
c. the North developed a strong sense of moral superiority.
d. the great majority of political and business leaders became corrupt.
e. waste, extravagance, speculation, and graft reduced the moral stature of the Republic.
E) waste, extravagance, speculation, and graft reduced the moral stature of the Republic.
One weapon that was used to put Boss Tweed, leader of New York City's infamous Tweed Ring, in jail was...
a. the cartoons of the political satirist Thomas Nast.
b. federal income tax evasion charges.
c. the RlCO racketeering act.
d. New York City's ethics laws.
e. granting immunity to Tweed's cronies in exchange for testimony.
A) the cartoons of the political satirist Thomas Nast.
The Credit Mobilier scandal involved...
a. public utility company bribes.
b. Bureau of Indian Affairs payoffs.
c. railroad construction kickbacks.
d. evasion of excise taxes on distilled liquor.
e. manipulating the Wall Street stock market.
C) railroad construction kickbacks.
In an attempt to avoid prosecution for their corrupt dealings. the owners of Credit Mobilizer...
a. left the country.
b. belatedly started to follow honest business practices.
c. sold controlling interest in the company to others.
d. tried to gain immunity by testifying before Congress.
e. distributed shares of the company's valuable stock to key congressmen.
E) distributed shares of the company's valuable stock to key congressmen.
President Ulysses S. Grant was reelected in 1872 because...
a. the Democrats and Liberal Republicans could not decide on a single candidate.
b. he promised reforms in the political system.
c. he pleaded for a clasping of hands across "the bloody chasm" between the North and South.
d. his opponents chose a poor candidate for the presidency.
e. federal troops still controlled the South.
D) his opponents chose a poor candidate for the presidency.
One cause of the panic that broke in 1873 was...
a. the reissuance of millions of dollars in greenbacks.
b. the construction of more factories than existing markets would bear.
c. an extremely high rate of inflation.
d. the formation of the Greenback Labor party.
e. excessive speculation in mining stocks.
B) the construction of more factories than existing markets would bear.
As a solution to the panic or depression of 1873, debtors suggested...
a. a policy of deflation.
b. a passage of the Resumption Act of 1875.
c. stronger federal control of banking.
d. restoring the government's credit rating.
e. inflationary policies
E) inflationary policies
During the Gilded Age, the Democrats and the Republicans...
a. had few significant economic differences.
b. agreed on currency policy but not the tariff.
c. were separated by substantial differences in economic policy.
d. held similar views on all economic issues except for civil service reform.
e. were divided over silver vs. gold currency.
A) had few significant economic differences.
The presidential elections of the 1870s and 1880s...
a. were all won by Republicans.
b. involved charismatic personalities.
c. were rarely close.
d. usually involved sharp partisan differences over issues like currency policy and civil-service reform.
e. aroused great interest among voters.
E) aroused great interest among voters.
One reason for the extremely high voter turnouts and partisan fervor of the Gilded Age was...
a. the parties' differences over economic issues.
b. sharp ethnic and cultural differences in the membership of the two parties.
c. battles between Catholics and Lutherans.
d. differences over the issue of the civil service.
e. sectional tensions between the Northeast and Midwest.
B) sharp ethnic and cultural differences in the membership of the two parties
During the Gilded Age, the lifeblood of both the Democratic and the Republican parties was...
a. the Grand Army of the Republic.
b. the Roman Catholic Church.
c. ideological commitment.
d. big-city political machines.
e. political patronage.
E) political patronage.
"Spoilsmen" was the label attached to those who
a. expected government jobs from their party's elected officeholders...
b. ravaged the pristine environment of the "golden West" for their own profit.
c. manipulated railroad stocks to their own private advantage.
d. supported civil-service reform.
e. engaged in political corruption.
A) expected government jobs from their party's elected officeholders.
The major problem in the 1876 presidential election centered on...
a. who would be Speaker of the House.
b. the two sets of election returns submitted by Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana.
c. Samuel Tilden's association with corrupt politicians.
d. President Grant's campaign for a third term.
e. failure to use the secret "Australian ballot" in some places.
B) the two sets of election returns submitted by Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana.
The Compromise of 1877 resulted in...
a. a renewal of the Republican commitment to protect black civil rights in the South.
b. the withdrawal of federal troops from the South.
c. the election of a Democrat to the presidency.
d. passage of the Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act.
e. a plan to build the first transcontinental railroad.
B) the withdrawal of federal troops from the South.
The sequence of presidential terms of the "forgettable presidents" of the Gilded Age (including Cleveland's two non-consecutive terms) was...
a. Cleveland, Hayes, Harrison, Cleveland, Arthur, Garfield.
b. Garfield, Hayes, Harrison, Cleveland, Arthur, Cleveland.
c. Cleveland, Garfield, Arthur, Hayes, Harrison, Cleveland.
d. Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison, Cleveland.
e. Hayes, Garfield, Harrison, Cleveland, Arthur, Cleveland.
D) Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison, Cleveland
In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that...
a. African Americans could be denied the right to vote.
b. segregation was unconstitutional.
c. "separate but equal" facilities were constitutional.
d. the Fourteenth Amendment did not apply to African Americans.
e. literacy test. for voting were constitutional.
C) "separate but equal" facilities were constitutional.
At the end of Reconstruction, Southern whites disenfranchised African Americans with...
a. literacy requirements.
b. poll taxes.
c. economic intimidation.
d. grandfather clauses.
e. all of the above
E) all of the above
The legal codes that established the system of segregation were...
a. found only in the North.
b. called Jim Crow laws.
c. overturned by Plessy v. Ferguson.
d. undermined by the crop lien system.
e. passed during Reconstruction.
B) called Jim Crow laws.
The presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes opened with...
a. a peaceful labor scene.
b. increased overseas expansion.
c. scenes of class warfare.
d. charges of corruption.
e. improved race relations.
C) scenes of class warfare.
The railroad strike of 1877 started when...
a. President Hayes refused to use troops to keep the trains running.
b. the four largest railroads cut salaries by ten percent.
c. working hours were cut back by the railroad companies.
d. the railroad workers refused to cross the picket lines of cargo loaders.
e. the railroads tried to hire Chinese workers.
B) the four largest railroads cut salaries by ten percent.
Labor unrest during the Hayes administration stemmed from...
a. agitation by Communist sympathizers.
b. the establishment of the Socialist party.
c. the collapse of the steel industry.
d. competition among rival unions.
e. long years of depression and deflation.
C) the collapse of the steel industry.
Labor unrest in the 1870s and 1880s resulted in...
a. Congress's passing legislation supporting the formation of unions.
b. a ban on Irish immigration.
c. the use of federal troops during strikes.
d. congressional acts to ban strikes.
e. growing middle class support for labor.
C) the use of federal troops during strikes.
In the wake of anti-Chinese violence in California, the United States Congress...
a. negotiated a restricted-immigration agreement with China.
b. did nothing, as it was California's problem.
c. banned the Keameyites in San Francisco.
d. sent many Chinese back to their homeland.
e. passed a law prohibiting the immigration of Chinese laborers to America.
E) passed a law prohibiting the immigration of Chinese laborers to America.
Which of the following internal developments in China resulted in Chinese immigration to the United States?
a. the disintegration of the Chinese Empire
b. the seizure of farmland by landlords
c. the intrusion of European powers
d. internal political turmoil
e. all of the above
E) all of the above
One of the main reasons that the Chinese came to the United States was to...
a. dig for gold.
b. work on the East Coast.
c. replace the newly freed slaves in the South.
d. buy their own farms.
e. all of the above.
A) dig for gold.
The Chinese word tong means...
a. criminal organization.
b. meeting hall.
c. labor union.
e. cooking utensil.
B) meeting hall.
Abraham Lincoln was the first president to be assassinated while in office; the second was...
a. Rutherford Hayes.
b. William McKinley.
c. Chester Arthur.
d. Benjamin Harrison.
e. James Garfield.
E) James Garfield
President James A. Garfield was assassinated...
a. as a result of his service in the Civil War.
b. because he was a Stalwart Republican.
c. because he opposed civil-service reform.
d. by a deranged, disappointed office seeker.
e. by a political anarchist.
D) by a deranged, disappointed office seeker.
The Pendleton Act required appointees to public office to...
a. take a competitive examination.
b. present a written recommendation from a congressman or senator.
c. agree to make financial contributions to their political party.
d. pledge independence from either major political party.
e. have a college degree
A) take a competitive examination.
With the passage of the Pendleton Act, politicians now sought money from...
a. new immigrants.
b. civil-service workers.
c. the small army of factory workers whom they now had to mobilize.
d. foreign contributors.
e. big corporations
E) big corporations.
The 1884 election contest between James G. Blaine and Grover Cleveland was noted for...
a. its emphasis on issues.
b. low voter turnout.
c. its personal attacks on the two candidates.
d. a landslide victory for the reform-minded Republicans.
e. its virtual tie in the electoral college.
C) its personal attacks on the two candidates.
Which one of the following Gilded Age presidents had a different party affiliation from the other four?
a. Ulysses S. Grant
b. Rutherford Hayes
c. Grover Cleveland
d. Benjamin Harrison
e. Chester Arthur
C) Grover Cleveland
When he was president, Grover Cleveland's hands-off approach to government gained the support of...
a. Civil War prisoners.
b. the Great Army of the Republic.
On the issue of the tariff, President Grover Cleveland...
a. supported high rates.
b. advocated a lower rate.
c. had no opinion.
d. followed the advice of his party.
e. favored tariffs on agricultural products
B) advocated a lower rate.
The major campaign issue of the 1888 presidential election was...
a. civil-service reform.
b. the big trust question.
c. the currency question.
d. foreign policy.
e. tariff policy.
E) tariff policy.
The "Billion-Dollar Congress" quickly disposed of rising government surpluses by...
a. providing subsidies to wheat, corn, and cotton farmers.
b. building an expensive new steel navy.
c. expanding pensions for Civil War veterans.
d. cutting tariffs and other taxes.
e. increasing spending on railroads and other transportation projects.
C) expanding pensions for Civil War veterans.
The early Populist campaign to create a coalition of white and black farmers ended in...
a. a racist backlash that eliminated black voting in the South.
b. the transformation of Tom Watson into a fervent civil rights leader.
c. an alignment of wealthy "Bourbon" whites with moderate blacks.
d. the breakdown of segregation in areas outside southern cities.
e. the emergence of Republican political power in the South.
A) a racist backlash that eliminated black voting in the South.
Economic unrest and the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act led to the rise of the pro-silver leader...
a. Tom Watson.
b. William Jennings Bryan.
c. William McKinley.
d. J. Pierpont Morgan.
e. Adlai E. Stevenson.
B) William Jennings Bryan.
President Grover Cleveland aroused widespread public anger by his action of...
a. vetoing the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act.
b. using federal troops to suppress Populist demonstrations.
c. taking the United States off the gold standard.
d. borrowing $65 million in gold from J.P. Morgan's banking syndicate.
e. wasting the federal surplus on pork-barrel spending.
D) borrowing $65 million in gold from J.P. Morgan's banking syndicate.
The greatest political beneficiary of the backlash against President Cleveland in the Congressional elections of 1894 were...
a. the republicans
b. the Populists
c. the "goldbug" Democrats
d. the Greenback Labor Party
e. the Knights of Labor
A) the republicans
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