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Cooper ABA Book Chapter 4
Terms in this set (26)
a process of assigning numbers and units to particular features of objects or events
the particular feature of an object or event that is being measured; ex: a single occurrence of a behavior such as answering one question
a measurable dimension of behavior that indicates that a behavior can occur repeatedly through time. aka countability
a measurable dimension of behavior that means that every instance of behavior occurs during some amount of time. aka: a behavior occurs at a certain point in time with respect to other events
every instance of a behavior occurs at a certain point in time with respect to other events aka when behavior occurs can be measured
Repeatability measure that is a simple tally of the number of occurences of a behavior
a repeatability measure that combines count with time. The amount of responses per unit of time.
a controlled, given opportunity to demonstrate a behavior.
a measure of how rates of response change over time. Uses 3 dimensional quantities: count per unit of time/per unit of time
Standard Celeration Chart
a standard format for displaying measures of celeration in which 1/20th of the x axis is a unit of time and celeration trend lines that make a 34* angle when going from one angle to the opposite
a temporal extent measure that measures the amount of time in which a behavior occurs. The basic measure of temporal extent. Suitable for behaviors that take place at high rates. Can be per occurrence or per observation period etc.
Total Duration Per Session
temporal extent measure in which the total time engaged in a target behavior is added up. Stopwatches are paused (does not clear to zero) when behavior stops and is begun again when it occurs again.
Duration Per Occurrence
temporal extent measure that measures the duration of time that EACH instance of behavior occurs
AKA latency. Measure of elapsed time between the onset of a stimulus and the beginning of the behavior.
Interresponse time IRT
the amount of time elapsed between two consecutive instances of a response class
a derivative measure that is a ratio formed by combining the same dimensional quantities such as count or time.
Trials to Criterion
measure of the number of response opportunities needed to achieve a predetermined level of performance. Each opportunity is a trial and this measures how many trials it took to meet objective
a measure that indicates the amount of force or intensity in which the response was emitted
procedures for detecting and recording the number of times a behavior of interest occurs
the variety of methods used for recording behaviors during intervals or at specific moments in time
recording that indicates if a behavior happened throughout the ENTIRE interval. Recorded as percentage of total intervals in which the target behavior was recorded as occurring.
recording if the behavior occurred at ANY TIME during the interval. Reported as % of total intervals in which the behavior was scored.
Momentary Time Sampling
recording whether or not the behavior is occurring AT THE MOMENT that each time interval ENDS. ex: at 1 minute mark, is yes or no. Reported as % of total intervals in which the behavior occurred and used to estimate proportion of period in which behavior occurred
Planned Activity Check (PLACHECK)
a variation of momentary time sampling in which head counts measure group behavior and the end of each time interval. Good for comparing group participation.
Permanent Product Recording
measuring behavior AFTER it has occurred by measuring the effects of the behavior produced on the environment
something that APPEARS to exist because of the way it was measured or examined. (kind of like bias due to which measurement you used- some overestimate or underestimate behaviors because of the nature of the recording type)
How do internal, external, conceptual, and construct validity differ from each other?
Studies that are conducted again in the same way but using different participants. This allows us to retest the subject matter and also to find out if the results can generalize to other participants and maybe even other situations.
A report of a research study submitted for a four-chapter thesis and the same study prepared for a journal differ with respect to the length of the
What information can we obtain from a simple main effect analysis in a two factor ANOVA?
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