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Physical education- final exam review
Terms in this set (62)
What two systems work together to bring necessary nutrients to body cells?
What are two ways to get more blood to your muscles?
Breathe, extend workout time
What are 3 examples of aerobic exercise?
Jogging, swimming, biking
Smoking causes direct damage to your _______ and other parts of the _________ and __________ systems
Lungs, respiratory, cariovascular
How many times a week should you exercise to improve cardiovascular fitness?
What are some benefits of cardiovascular fitness?
Healthy heart and lungs
What are the types of muscle?
Smooth, skeletal, cardiac
Skeletal muscles attach to ______ and make _______ possible
What are voluntary muscles?
Muscles you move consciously
What are benefits of muscular endurance?
Don't tire quickly, improve blood flow
What activities can muscles help you do?
Jump, push, pull, carry
Can you increase the number of muscle fibers you have?
No, just the size
Slow twitch muscle fibers are _____, whereas fast twitch fiber are ______.
What is the lowering phase of lifting called?
What is the positive phase of lifting called?
Muscles work harder than normal
Working muscles harder over time
Specific muscular exercies
The number of times you do an exercise
A group of reps
How often should you do strength training?
When lifting waits, when should you exhale?
When exerting pressure
The ability to move your joints through a full range of motion
If you do not maintain flexibility, your muscles become ______ and movement becomes ______.
What is the Principle of Overload?
Stretch your muscles further than normal to improve flexibility
What is the Principle of Specificity?
Stretch targeted muscles and joints
Define static stretching
Stretching slowly as far as possible without pain and holding
Give two examples of dynamic stretching
Walking high knees, walking lunges
Define risk factors
The chance of something happening
A body's response to an affect
What are ways to avoid stress?
Sleep, eat well, have fun
What are the most common posture problems?
Round shoulders, locked knees, forward head
List three guidelines to avoid back strain
Divide loads, bend knees, change position of feet
What does FIT stand for?
Frequency, intensity, time
How many times should a person exercise a week?
What are the functions of body fat?
Insulation, shock absorber, energy, looks
What is essential body fat?
Fat that your body needs
What does BMI stand for?
Body mass index
A persons eating habits
How many calories are in one pound of body fat?
A unit of energy
Muscle mass weighs how many times for than fat?
List the stages included in safe exercise
Warm up, workout, cool down
How long should your warm up be?
Why is a cool down important?
It helps your body recover
An injury to the ligaments and bones
A pulled muscle
What does RICE stand for?
Rest, ice, compression, elevation
During the first 48 hours, the application of ice should be __ minutes on and __ minutes off
What do you need to remember before exercising in hot weather?
Drink water, wear proper clothing, be gradual, rest frequently
What do you need to remember before exercising in cold weather?
Avoid extreme temps, avoid ice and wetness, dress properly
What is frostbite?
An injury to the skin and tissues due to extreme cold
Define physical fitness
The ability for your body systems to work together efficiently
Define cardiovascular fitness
The ability to exercise your body for a long period of time
The amount of force your muscles can produce
The ability to change your body position quickly
The ability to keep an upright position
The ability to use your senses together with your body parts, or use many body parts at once
The ability to use strength quickly
Define reaction time
The amount of time it takes you to move once you realize you need to
The ability to move a distance in a short period of time
What is the percentage of people that exercise enough?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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