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48 terms

Unit 5 Africa (Intro and chapter 23)

STUDY
PLAY
Victoria Falls
Serengeti Plains
Sahara
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Nile River
...
Dr. Livingstone
F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela
...
Nelson Mandela's cell on Robben Island
Table Mountain
camel caravan
apartheid
the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa
multiracial
made up of people from several ethnic groups
segregation
separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
Boers
Dutch farmers who settled in Cape Town
Afrikaans
in South Africa, Dutch was combined with African terms and became the language
Afrikaners
Afrikaans-speaking people who have been established in Southern Africa since the 17th century and are mainly of northwestern European descent.
the Great Trek
Migration of Dutch to the north to escape British rule in South Africa
homelands
rural territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa as part of the policy of apartheid
townships
Special areas of crowded clusters of tiny homes for Black South Africans living outside cities.
African National Congress
A political organization created in 1912 to oppose white domination in South Africa. The group protested through marches, boycotts, and strikes
Soweto
a collection of South African townships where, in 1976, riots resulted in 600 deaths
F.W. de Klerk
the last State President of apartheid-era South Africa. Known for engineering the end of apartheid
Truth and Reconciliation Commission
a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the abolition of apartheid, where witnesses who were identified as victims of gross human rights violations were invited to give statements about their experiences
Desmond Tutu
He was a Black South African archbishop who opposed apartheid but rejected violence. He won the Noble Peace Prize for his work to bring an end to apartheid
Employment Equity Act
South African legislation intended to remove employment barriers and promote equality for the members of designated groups including women, blacks, coloreds Asians, and persons with disabilities.
Jared Diamond
Author of Guns, Germs, and Steel
Sahel
a vast semiarid region of North Africa, south of the Sahara, that forms a transitional zone between the desert and the grassland regions.
North Africa, East Africa, West Africa, Central/Southern Africa
the four sub-regions of Africa
the Niger
the third longest river in Africa
the Sahara
largest desert in the world
savanna
a dry grassland dotted with trees and bushes, found in sub-Saharan Africa and other tropical or subtropical regions
Africa
second largest continent
Nile River Valley
one of the world's first civilizations developed along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt
nomadic herding
A traditional grazing method in which nomadic herdsmen wander freely over rangelands in search of good grazing for their livestock.
Liberia
African nation founded as a home for freed slaves
Ethiopia
East African nation that has been independent for over 2,000 years
Lake Victoria
the largest lake in Africa and the 2nd largest fresh water lake in the world
Lake Tanganyika
the longest lake in the world in central Africa between Tanzania and Congo
Koysan
South Africa's earliest inhabitants
Bantu
a large group of central and southern Africans who speak related languages and who have common ancestry from thousands of years ago
Zulu
indigenous African tribe that resisted Boers' migration
Ghana
formerly known as the Gold Coast; first West African state to gain independence with a democratically stable government
Robben Island
maximum state security prison in South Africa which held political prisoners during apartheid including Nelson Mandela
Suez Canal
100-mile waterway that links the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
Berlin Conference
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules pertaining to colonization of Africa
Rhodesian Ridgeback!
reconciliation
the restoring of a friendship through the asking for and receiving of forgiveness
oases
Places in the desert made fertile by the presence of water.

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