the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa
made up of people from several ethnic groups
separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
Dutch farmers who settled in Cape Town
in South Africa, Dutch was combined with African terms and became the language
Afrikaans-speaking people who have been established in Southern Africa since the 17th century and are mainly of northwestern European descent.
the Great Trek
Migration of Dutch to the north to escape British rule in South Africa
rural territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa as part of the policy of apartheid
Special areas of crowded clusters of tiny homes for Black South Africans living outside cities.
African National Congress
A political organization created in 1912 to oppose white domination in South Africa. The group protested through marches, boycotts, and strikes
a collection of South African townships where, in 1976, riots resulted in 600 deaths
F.W. de Klerk
the last State President of apartheid-era South Africa. Known for engineering the end of apartheid
Truth and Reconciliation Commission
a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the abolition of apartheid, where witnesses who were identified as victims of gross human rights violations were invited to give statements about their experiences
He was a Black South African archbishop who opposed apartheid but rejected violence. He won the Noble Peace Prize for his work to bring an end to apartheid
Employment Equity Act
South African legislation intended to remove employment barriers and promote equality for the members of designated groups including women, blacks, coloreds Asians, and persons with disabilities.
Author of Guns, Germs, and Steel
a vast semiarid region of North Africa, south of the Sahara, that forms a transitional zone between the desert and the grassland regions.
North Africa, East Africa, West Africa, Central/Southern Africa
the four sub-regions of Africa
the third longest river in Africa
largest desert in the world
a dry grassland dotted with trees and bushes, found in sub-Saharan Africa and other tropical or subtropical regions
second largest continent
Nile River Valley
one of the world's first civilizations developed along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt
A traditional grazing method in which nomadic herdsmen wander freely over rangelands in search of good grazing for their livestock.
African nation founded as a home for freed slaves
East African nation that has been independent for over 2,000 years
the largest lake in Africa and the 2nd largest fresh water lake in the world
the longest lake in the world in central Africa between Tanzania and Congo
South Africa's earliest inhabitants
a large group of central and southern Africans who speak related languages and who have common ancestry from thousands of years ago
indigenous African tribe that resisted Boers' migration
formerly known as the Gold Coast; first West African state to gain independence with a democratically stable government
maximum state security prison in South Africa which held political prisoners during apartheid including Nelson Mandela
100-mile waterway that links the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules pertaining to colonization of Africa
the restoring of a friendship through the asking for and receiving of forgiveness
Places in the desert made fertile by the presence of water.
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