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5 carbon sugar called dioxyribose, phosphate group, and a nitrogen base.
What is nucleotides made of?
she aimed an X-ray beam at concentrated DNA
Recorded the scattering pattern of x-rays on film
What did RF do to get info about DNA?
James Watson and Francis Crick
Who built a model that explained how DNA carried information and could be copied using RF's clues from her pattern.
half base pairing
Each strand of DNA double helix has all the info needed to reconstruct the other ____ by the process of _______
In eukaryotic chromosomes DNA replication occurs at hundreds of places in _______until each chromosome is copied.
DNA polymerase joins individual what according to the base pairing rules to produce a DNA molecule
the sugar in RNA ribose instead of deoxyribose
RNA is single stranded
RNA contains Uracil instead of Thymine
Can move around the cell
4 different structures in RNA
Since there are 4 different base letters and combine in combos of 3 then there are how many possible codons
Involves changes in 1 or few nucleotides, occur at a single point in the DNA sequenc
Usually in form of a substitution.
frame shift mutation
Insertion or deletion of a nucleotide, causes the entire chain to shift since the bases are read in sets of three.
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