99 terms

AP Literature Review Terms

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

allegory
story or poem that can be used to reveal a hidden meaning
alliteration
beginning of same letter or sound in closely connected words
allusion
indirect of passing reference
anaphora
repetition in first part of a sentence , to have an artistic meaning
antagonist
a hostile person who is opposed to another character
apostrophe
figure of speech used to adresss an imaginary character
aside
when a character's dialogue is spoken but not heard by other actors on the stage
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
blank verse
poetry written in meter without an ending rhyme
cacophony
clash of unharmonious sounds
caesura
pause in the middle of a line of poetry
catharsis
the release of emotions through art (emotional cleanse)
flat character
story character who have no depth, usually has one personality or characteristic, like a stereotype or "cartoonish" character
round character
character who has complex personality and has a depth of personality traits
dynamic character
changes throughout the story, through major conflict
static character
person who doesn't change throughout story keeps same personality
characterization
process of revealing characters personality
climax
point where conflict hits its highest point
conflict
struggle between opposing forces
connotation
secondary meaning to a word
consonance
repetition of same consonant in words close together
couplet
two rhyming lines in a verse
denotation
the literal meaning of a word
denouement
final outcome of the story
deus ex machina
resolution of a plot by chance, coincidence, or a last minute outside influence ("god in the machine")
didactic writing
writing with a primary purpose to teach or preach
direct characterization
author directly tells the reader the character traits: trustworthy, kind, hard-working
double rhyme
rhyme where the repeated vowel is in the second last syllable of words involved (ex; born scorn)
dramatic exposition
provides background information about the characters and their world
end rhyme
rhymes occurring at the end of line
end stopped line
line ending in regular punctuation
English sonnet
a sonnet rhyming ababcdcdededgg
epiphany
when a character receives a spiritual insight into they life
euphony
smooth choice and arrangement of sounds
extended figure
A figure of speech sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem.
falling action
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
feminine rhyme
lines rhymed by their final two syllables
figurative language
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
figure of speech
a way of saying something other than the ordinary way
foot
basic unit in the scansion or measurement of verse , stressed and un stressed syllables
form
external pattern or shape of a poem
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
hamartia
tragic flaw which causes a character's downfall
imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
indirect presentation of character
the personality of a character is revealed by what he or she does or says
internal rhyme
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
irony
A contrast between expectation and reality
verbal irony
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
dramatic irony
Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
irony of situation
refers to an occurrence that is contrary to what is expected or intended
italian sonnet
A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
masculine rhyme
A rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable
melodrama
a play based upon a dramatic plot and developed sensationally
metaphor
A comparison without using like or as
meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
metonymy
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
narrator
Person telling the story
octave
8 line stanza
onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
paradox
A contradiction or dilemma
paraphrase
A restatement of a text or passage in your own words.
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
plot
Sequence of events in a story
point of view
The perspective from which a story is told
omniscient point of view
The point of view where the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems - told in the 3rd person.
third person limited point of view
narrator tells the story from only one character's pov
first person point of view
a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself
objective point of view
a narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story, with no comment on any characters or events.
protagonist
Main character
quatrain
A four line stanza
rhythm
A regularly recurring sequence of events or actions.
rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
rising action
Events leading up to the climax
sarcasm
the use of irony to mock or convey contempt
satire
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
scansion
Analysis of verse into metrical patterns
sestet
6 line stanza
setting
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
simile
A comparison using "like" or "as"
soliloquy
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage
sonnet
14 line poem
stanza
A group of lines in a poem
stream of consciousness
private thoughts of a character without commentary
syllabic verse
Verse measured by the number of syllables rather than the number of feet per line.
symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something else
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
tercet
3 line stanza
terza rima
a verse form with a rhyme scheme: aba bcb cdc, etc.
theme
Central idea of a work of literature
tone
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
tragedy
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
truncation
Utilizing a melody with part of the end omitted.
understandment
the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is; a deliberate under-emphasis
verse
A single line of poetry
writing arranged with a metrical rhythm, typically having a rhyme
vilanelle
a nineteen-line poem with two rhymes throughout, consisting of five tercets and a quatrain, with the first and third lines of the opening tercet recurring alternately at the end of the other tercets and with both repeated at the close of the concluding quatrain.