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Government Exam Review
Terms in this set (52)
What are the three classifications of government?
1. The geographic distribution of governmental power within the state. 2. The relationship between the legislative (lawmaking) and the executive (law-executing) branches of the government. 3. The number of persons who can take part in the governing process. `
Is the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
All the things government decides to do.
Can be defined as a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, with a government, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
Each state has this which means it has supreme power within its own territory.
Often described as a centralized government.
A government described as the powers of the government divided between one centralized and several local governments.
An alliance of independent states.
A type of government that features a separation of powers between the executive and legislative branches of the government.
A type of government in which the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier and that official's cabinet.
A type of government that exists where those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people.
A type of government style in which supreme political authority rests with the people.
A type of government which is also called a pure democracy which exists where the will of the people is translated into public policy (law) directly by the people by themselves, in mass meetings.
A type of government in which a small group of people or persons chosen by the people to act as their representatives which express the popular will.
The process of blending and adjusting of reconciling competing views and interesting order to find the position most acceptable to the largest number.
Is the total absence of government.
An idea in government in which the government is limited in what it can do, and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away.
A written grand of authority from the king.
A two house legislature.
A one house legislature.
States that government can exist and function only with the consent of the governed.
Is a group of people or persons who seek to control the government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.
The dominant political parties in the United States
A union of many persons of diverse interests who have come together to get their candidates elected into public office.
Less widely supported political parties in the U.S.
Republicans and Democrats rule the U.S.
Contests in which only one candidate is elected to each office on the ballot.
The largest number of votes cast for that office.
An party arrangement in which several major and many lesser parties exist.
Is a no party system.
One party system
Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.
Right to bear arms
Quartering of troops.
Illegal searches and seizures
The seats in the House of Reps being distributed based on population.
The process of the seats in the house be redistributed after each census.
The process of the seats in the senate never being put up at the same time.
Qualifications for the house.
25 years, be a citizen for at least 7 years, and must live in the state they are living in.
Qualifications for the senate
30 years, citizen for 9, and and inhabitant of the state
What are some examples of expressed powers??
Power to tax, Power to borrow, Commerce power, currency power, Bankruptcy, and war.
Big part of the constitution, explains the expressed and implied powers.
Necessary and Proper Clause 4
The act of preventing a bill or prohibiting a bill as long as they can.
What are the qualifications for the president??
Natural born citizen, 35 years of age, 14 years lived in the country
Defined as the authority of a court to hear and decide a case.
A court in which a case is heard first is said to have??
A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court is called??
Criminal proceedings due process, and eminent domain
Punishment for crimes
Powers to the states
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