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180 terms

Vocabulary workshop Level C: Unit 1-9

STUDY
PLAY
adage
(n.) a wise saying,proverb
bonanza
(n.) a rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable, profitable, or a rewarding; a source of wealth or prosperity; a very large amount; sudden profit or gain
churlish
(adj.) lacking politeness or good manners, lacking sensitivity; difficult work to deal with or rude
citadel
(n.) a fortress that overlooks and protects a city, any strong or commanding place
collaborate
(v.) to work with, work together
decree
(n.) an order having the force of law; (v.) to issue such an order; to command firmly or forcefully
discordant
(adj.) disagreeable in sound, jarring, lacking in harmony, conflicting
evolve
(v.) to develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
excerpt
(n.) a passage taken from a book, article, etc.; (v.) to take such a passage, to quote
grope
(v.) to feel about hesitantly with the hands; to search blindly an uncertainly
hover
(v.) to float or hang suspended over; to move back and forth uncertainly over or around
jostle
(v.) to make o force one's way around by pushing or elbowing; to bump, shove,brush against; to compete for
laggard
(n.) a person who moves slowly or falls behind; (adj.) falling behind; slow to move, act or respond
plaudits
(n. pl.) applause; enthusiastic praise or approval
preclude
(v.) to make impossible, prevent, shut out
revert
(v.) to return, go back
rubble
(n.) broken stone or brick; ruins
servile
(adj.) of or relating to a slave, behaving like or suitable for a slave or a servant, menial, lacking spirit or independence, adjectively submissive
vigil
(n.) a watch, especially at night; any period of watchful attention
wrangle
(v.) to quarrel or argue in a noisy, angry way; to obtain by argument; to herd; (n.) a noisy quarrel
antics
(n. pl.) ridiculous and unpredictable behavior or actions
avowed
(adj., part.) declared openly and without shame, acknowledged
banter
(v.) to exchange playful remarks, tease; (n.) talk that is playful and teasing
bountiful
(adj.) giving freely, generous; plentiful, given abundantly
congested
(adj., part.) overcrowded, filled or occupied to excess
detriment
harm or loss; injury, damage; a disadvantage; a cause of harm,injury,loss,or damge
durable
(adj.) sturdy, not easily worn out or desroyed; lasting for a long time; (n. pl.) consumer goods used repeatedly over a series of years
enterprising
(adj.) energetic, willing and able to start something new; showing boldness and imagination
frugal
(adj.) economical, avoiding waste and luxury; scanty, poor, meager
gingerly
(adj., adv.) with extreme care or caution
glut
(v.) to provide more than is needed or wanted; to feed or fill to the point of overstuffing; (n.) an oversupply
incognito
(adj., adv.) in a disguised state, under an assumed name or identity; (n.) the state of being disguised; a person in disguise
invalidate
(v.) to make valueless, take away all force or effect
legendary
(adj.) described in well-known stories; existing in old stories (legends) rather than in real life
maim
(v.) to cripple, disable, injure, mar, disfigure, mutilate
minimize
(v.) to make as small as possible, make the least of; to make smaller than before
oblique
(adj.) slanting or sloping not straightforward or direct
veer
(v.) to change direction or course suddenly, turn aside, shift, swerve
venerate
(v.) to regard with reverence, look up to with great respect
wanton
(adj.) reckless, heartless, unjustifialbe, loose in morals; (n.) a spoiled, pampered person, one with low morals
allot
(v) to assign or distribute into shares or portions
amass
(v) to bring together, collect, gather, especially for oneself;to come together, assemble
audacious
(adj) bold, adventurous, recklessly daring
comply
(v) to yield to a request or demand
devoid
(adj) not having or using, lacking
elite
(n) the choice part of a group of people or things; (adj ) superior
grapple
(n) an iron hook used to grab and hold; (v) to come to grips with, wrestle or fight with
incapacitate
(v) to deprive of strength or ability, to make legally ineligible
instigate
(v) to urge on, or stir up, provoke, start, incite
longevity
(n) long life, long duration, length of life
myriad
(adj) in very great numbers; (n) a very great number
perspective
(n) a point of view or general standpoint from which different things are viewed physically or mentally; the appearance to the eye of various objects viewed at a given time, place, or distance
perturb
(v) to trouble, make uneasy,to disturb greatly, to throw into confusion
prodigious
(adj) immense; extraordinary in bulk, size, or degree
relevant
(adj) connected with or related to the matter at hand
skittish
(adj) extremely nervous and easily frightened; shy or timid; extremely cautious, unstable, undependable
tether
(n) a rope used to fasten something to a fixed object; the outer limit of strength or resources; (v) to fasten with a rope or chain
unison
(n) a sounding together, agreement or accord
vie
(v) to compete; to strive for victory or superiority
willful
(adj) stubbornly self-willed; done on purpose, deliberate
Annul
(v) to reduce to nothing, to declare legally invalid or void, to make ineffective or inoperative
blase
(adj) indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many pleasures, aphanitic
bolster
(v) to support, give a boost to (n) a long pillow or cushion, a supporting post
Deplore
To feel or express regret or disapproval
frivolous
of little importance, not worthy of serious attentionl not meant seriously
muster
(v) to bring together for service or battle, to gather or summon, to gather or summon
Nonentity
a person or thing of no importance
obsess
to trouble, haunt, or fill the mind
ornate
elaborately decorated, showily splendid
oust
to remove
peruse
to read thoroughly and carefully
porous
full of tiny holes, able to be penetrated by air or water
promontory
a high point of land extending into water
prone
lying face down, inclined, likely
qualm
a pang of conscience, uneasiness, misgiving, or doubt, a feeling of faintness or nausea
recourse
a person or thing turned to for help or advice
residue
a remainder
solicitous
showing concern or care, fearful or anxious about someone or something
staid
serious and dignified, quiet or subdued in character or conduct
sustain
to support, nourish keep up, to suffer undergo, to bear up under, to affirm the validity of
Aghast
(adj) filled with amazement, disgust, fear or terror
Ample
(adj) more than enough, large, spacious
apparition
(n) a ghost or ghostly figure; an unexplained or unusual appearance
assert
(v) to declare or state as truth, maintain or defend, put forward forcefully
Cower
(v) to crouch or shrink away from in fear or shame
Disdain
(v) to look upon with scorn; to refuse scornfully; (n) a feeling of contempt
Epitaph
(n) a brief statement written on a tomb or gravestone
ethical
(adj) having to do with morals, values, right and wrong; in accordance with standards of right conduct; requiring a prescription for purchase
Facetious
(adj) humorous, not meant seriously
Inaudible
(adj) not able to be heard
Indiscriminate
(adj) without restraint or control; unselective
intrigue
(n) crafty dealings, underhanded plotting; (v) to form and carry out plots; to puzzle or excite the curiosity
jurisdiction
(n) and area of authority or control; the right to administer justice
plausible
(adj) appearing true, reasonable, or fair
Plebeian
(adj) common, vulgar, belonging to the lower class; (n) a common person, member of the lower class
Prodigal
(adj) wastefully extravagant; lavishly or generously abundant
Proximity
(n) nearness, closeness
Pulverize
(v) to grind or pound to a powder to destroy or overcome
sequel
(n) that which follows, a result; a literary work or film continuing the story of one written or made earlier
Volatile
(adj) highly changeable, fickle; tending to become violent or explosive; changing readily from the liquid to the gaseous state
Abashed
(adj, part) Embarrassed, ashamed, or nonplussed
aloof
(adj) withdrawn, standing apart from others
Anguish
(n) great mental suffering distress, or pain (v) to be deeply tormented by pain and sorrow
Articulate
(v) to pronounce distinctly, to express well in words, to fit together (adj) able to use language effectively; expressed clearly and forcefully
bask
(v) to be in, or expose to
Defect
(n) an imperfection, flaw or blemish of some kind (v) to desert a cause or organization
Finesse
(n) Delicate skill; tact and cleverness; (v) to accomplish something by cleverness, good judgement, or skillful evasion
Flaunt
(v) to wave or flutter showily; to display in a conceited offensive way
forthright
(adj) direct, straightforward
genial
(adj) cordial, pleasantly cheerful or warm
Instill
(v) to add gradually; to introduce or cause to be taken in
Ostracize
(v) to exclude from a group, banish, send away
premonition
(n) forewarning or foreboding of a future event
Pseudonym
(n) pen name, name assumed by a writer
Purge
(v) to wash away impurities, clean up; (n) the process of getting rid of something or someone decisively
rehabilitate
(v) to make over in good form, to restore to good condition or to a former position
repercussion
(n) to make over in good form, to restore to good condition or to a former position
resolute
(adj) bold, determined; firm
retentive
(adj) able to hold, keep, or recall; retaining knowledge easily
scapegoat
(n) a person or thing carrying the blame for others
acme
the highest point
attribute
a quality or characteristic belonging to or associated with someone or something
belittle
to make something appear smaller than it is; to refer to in a way that suggests lack of importance or value
convey
to transport; to transmit; to communicate, make known; to transfer ownership or title to
doctrine
a belief, principla, or teaching; a system or such beliefs or priciples; a formulation of such beliefs or principles
excise
to remove by cutting
exotic
foreign; charmingly unfamiliar or strikingly unusual
haggard
thin, pale, and careworn as a result or worry or suffering; wild-looking
jaunty
lively, easy, and carefree in manner; smart or trim in appearance
juncture
a joining together; the point at which two things are joined; any important point in time
menial
lowly, humble, lacking importance or dignity
parry
to ward off, fend off, deflect, evade, avoid
predatory
preying on, plundering, or piratical
ravage
to destroy, lay waste, ruin
stance
a way of holding the body; an attitude or position on an issue
tawdry
showy and flashy but lacking in good taste
turncoat
a person who switches to an opposing side or party
unassuming
not putting on airs, unpretentious; modest
wallow
to roll about in a lazy, clumsy, or helpless way; to overindulge in; to have in abundance
waver
to move to and fro, become unsteady; to show lack of firmness or decision
abut
v. lie adjacent to another or share a boundary
attire
n. Clothes, especially fine and expensive clothes. v. To dress up or be dressed up.
avail
[verb] to be or make of use or benefit; to make profit [noun] use; benefit; profit
crony
[noun] friend; pal; chum; buddy
cryptic
adj. puzzling, mystifying, or enigmatic
divergent
(adj) separating; moving in different directions from a particular point
enmity
n. hatred, ill-will
fervent
[adjective] emotional; passionate; extremely hot; ardent
gaunt
[adjective] thin; bony; lanky
infiltrate
[verb] slip, creep into; penetrate
nullify
[verb] invalidate; annul
perceptible
(adjective) cabaple of being grasped by the senses or mind
plummet
[verb] to plunge straight down [noun] a weight fastened to a line
proclaim
[v.] to declare publicly or officially
proxy
[n.] an agent, substitute; a written permission allowing one person to act in another's place
rankle
[v.] to cause anger, irriation, or bitterness [with the suggestion that the pain grows worse with time]
scavenger
n. a person who collects or removes usable items from waste meterials; an animal that feeds on refuse or dead bodies
stint
[verb] to limit; restrict; scrimp [noun] a limit or restriction
stoical
[adjective] self-controlled; impassive
unflagging
v. tireless, continuing with vigor
apt
(adj.) suitable, fitting, likely; quick to learn
awry
(adj., adv.) in a turned or twisted position or direction; wrong, out of the right or hoped-for course
bludgeon
(n.) a short club used as a weapon; (v.) to strike with a heavy club; to use force or strong arguments to gain some point
capitulate
(v.) to end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel
chafe
(v.) to warm by rubbing; to wear sore by rubbing; to feel annoyance or dissatisfaction, annoy, irk; to strain or press against; (n.) a sore or injury caused by rubbing
defile
(v., trans.) to make unclean or dirty, destroy the purity of; (v., intrans.) to march in a single line or in columns; (n.) a narrow passage; gorge, canyon
dire
(adj.) dreadful, causing fear or suffering; warning of trouble to come; demanding immediate action to avoid disaster
disarming
(adj.) charming, tending to get rid of unfriendliness or suspicion
disgruntled
(adj., part.) in bad humor, discontented, annoyed
encroach
(v.) to advance beyond the usual or proper limits, trespass
endow
(v.) to furnish, equip, provide with funds or some other desirable thing or quality
fend
(v.) to ward off, resist; to get along, manage
impunity
(n.) freedom from punishment
mien
(n.) air, manner; appearance; expression
penal
(adj.) having to do with punishment
pertinent
(adj.) related to the matter at hand, to the point
predominant
(adj.) the greatest in strength or power; most common
prodigy
(n.) something wonderful or marvelous; something monstrous or abnormal; an unusual feat; a child or young person with extraordinary ability or talent
recluse
(n.) a person who leads a life shut up or withdrawn from the world
renown
(n.) fame, glory