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412 Test #1
Terms in this set (110)
Symphony in F major, No. 32, Sammartini
What composition uses hammer blows?
Symphony No. 92 "Oxford": Hob. 1:92, Haydn
Galant- style composition example
Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love) Op. 48, R. Schumann
An example of a Song Cycle
Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op. 55, "Eroica", Beethoven
What symphony is a uses the Heroic motive?
Sonata in A major, H. 186, Wq. 55/4, C.P.E. Bach
Empfindsam style compositon
Tristan und Isolde, Wagner
Gesamkunstwerk composition example
Symphony Fantastique, Berlioz
Composition that uses Idee Fixes
Mazurka in B-flat major, Op. 7, No. 1, Chopin
Composition that uses tempo rubato
Der Freischütz, Weber
What composition is a melodrama?
The Continental Harmony, Billings
Compositional example of a fuging tune
La Serva Padrona, Pergolesi
Compositional example of an intermezzo
String Quartet in C- sharp minor, Op. 131, Beethoven
What composition was considered avante garde?
String quartet in E- flat major, Op. 33, No. 2, (The Joke) Hob. III: 38, Haydn
What composition has an ambiguous ending?
Who wrote Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments?
Created the modern recital and masterclass
Who wrote Introductory Essay on Composition?
Written by Beethoven about his hearing loss
Piano pieces written by Chopin, polish couples dance in 3/4 time
Composer of concert overtures
Opera in 3 acts, sung throughout
Who wrote a Treatise on the Fundamental Principals and Violin playing?
Was a student of JC Bach
Who wrote an Essay on Opera?
Opera derived from vaudevilles, spoken dialogue
Piano piece, portrays a mood, uses parallel 3rd/6th
Who wrote the Modern Instrumentation on Orchestration
Fictional characters created by Robert Schumann
A compositional style utilized by Haydn with repeated motives, short phrases, simple harmonies, and frequent cadences
What era showed freedom from excessive ornamentation and frills?
A social movement that applied reason to emotions, social relations, and politics
Interested in promoting the welfare of humankind, specifically individual rights, universal education, and social equality
Introductory Essay on Composition
An essay by H.C. Koch divides the sonata into 2 sections (antecedent/ consequent)
A total art work for orchestra, voice, drama, and staging created by Wagner
19th century French opera, originated in cabarets, includes the Can-can dance of the Gods.
Originally a 3 movement form in Italy; will become a 4 movement form
Drawing room ballads/ Parlor Song
A genre with voice and piano in which piano is subservient
A piano work that represents a character or mood
Symphonic tone poem
Program music for orchestra in one mood with contrasting sections, not in sonata form. Genre created by Franz Liszt
19th century German opera based on nationalistic, folk lore, and folk melodies. Has spoken dialogue
19th century French opera that includes ballet, chorus, crowd scenes, and machines.
Voice and piano are of equal importance. Piano has a pictorial, dramatic role.
Surprising turns of harmony, chromaticism
Performed in between acts of opera seria. Very small cast, and was comic and sung throughout.
Composer best known for Intermezzo
Comic opera in Italy that comes from the intermezzo. Is sung throughout
Composer of opera seria
Solved the Querelle des Boussons by fusing Italian, French, and German opera styles
Fair entertainment that contained spoken dialogue and popular tunes
England's comic opera with spoken dialogue
An Essay on Opera
Written by Algarotti to reform opera
Made recit and aria more flexible and natural
Bay Psalm Book: William Billings
First music book published and composed in North America? Was written by what self- taught composer?
What instrument was added to the orchestra in the late 18th century?
Who invented the Fortepiano?
Who composed Essercizi?
Uses hammers to strike the string, like the modern piano
Composer that added the cadenza and double exposition to the concerto
The religion that utilized Arias and motets imported from Europe
In what region did the symphony originate?
T/F: The Paris Conservatoire is created as part of the French revolution
Piano genre by Chopin that focuses on a single skill but is musical enough to be performed publicly
Utilizes Sturm und Drung
United States song composer that utilizes diatonic/ pentatonic melodies.
The instrument not added to orchestra as part of industrial revolution (Piccolo, contrabassoon, english horn, timpani)
The compositional "working out" of ideas that would influence romantic composers is best represented by..
T/F: Haydn's London symphonies include a minuet and trio
Blended elements of ritornello and sonata form, similar to works of JC Bach
Describe Mozart's first movement forms in his piano concertos
T/F: Thematic transformation is a compositional tool used by Liszt in his non- developing Concert overture
A short aria in the first act of an opera
JC Bach and Sammartini
While on childhood tours, W.A. Mozart studied with what two composers?
The composer of a 5 movement symphony
Establishes the role of the conductor, interpreter of the composer's musical intent
Genre that is a one- movement orchestral work in SONATA FORM
T/F: Haydn was self taught in composition
1st prominent composer of symphonic structure
String tremolos over orchestral chords that crescendo from pp-FF to build excitement
The Esterhazy family
Haydn's music was funded by...
Trumpet and timpani
Haydn added what instruments to his symphonies in the 1790's
All of Mozart's compositions are catalogued with what?
Wind Quintet K. 452
Mozart's self- proclaimed "best work"
What composer used longer and more expanded forms? Also expanded range of orchestra.
One theme or motive that appears in later movements- it evolves throughout the music like a character. Developed by Beethoven
Group of songs (lied) performed in succession to tell a story
What genre was ideal in the Romantic period?
Brass instruments added valves, wind instruments added keys, flute becomes metal, harp gains pedals
Some instrumental developments in the Romantic era
Modern Instrumentation on Orchestration was written by:
Polish and French
Chopin's heritage was that of what two countries?
Chopin composed 24 of these, one in each key
Music that recounts a story, place, mood, idea, or may be given an accompanying text
Works that do not tell a story
Virtuoso violinist that was rumored to have "sold his soul to the devil" for his talent.
"King of pianists"
Virtuoso pianist who extended the range to 7 octaves and cut out the side of the piano to better see hands during performance
A theme that represents a character and alters with the mood or development- Liszt
Orchestral, opera, art song, organ work, transcribed for piano
Love, longing, and nature
Lied has what themes?
Chorus version of lied- for amateurs, about nature. Two or more voice parts.
1 movement orchestral work in sonata form
Recurring orchestral melody that appears in each movement of Berlioz's Symphony Fantastique. Represents to hero's beloved
Continuously developing motive/ theme- not programmatic. Used by Brahms and coined by Schoenburg.
Music associated with a culture other than their own
Composer of Grand Opera
Smaller than grand opera, but larger than opera comique. Spoken dialogue
Opera overture becomes an independent work
Who added action in the aria?
Theme that reoccurs in a later scene, recalling prior events or feelings
Composer's name that was a political cry
Part of the aria in a duet when the characters trade phrases
Realism in opera, refers to lower social classes, or bohemians
Composer that used a lot of exoticism