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27 terms

Unit 3

STUDY
PLAY
Agricultural Density
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Arithmetic Density
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Contagious Diffusion
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Cultural Ecology
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
Cultural Landscape
fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
Culture
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people's distinct tradition.
Density
The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
Diffusion
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Distance Decay
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Distribution
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Environmental Determinism
A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.
Expansion Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
Formal Region
(or uniform or homogeneous region) an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Region
An area organized around a node or focal point
Globalization
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
Hearth
the region from which innovative ideas originate
Hierarchical Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
Mental Map
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
Pattern
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Physiological Density
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Possibilism
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Relocation Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Site
The physical character of a place
Situation
The location of a place relative to other places.
Space-Time Compression
The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
Stimulus Diffusion
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
Vernacular Region
(or perceptual region) An area that people believe to exist as part of their cultural identity.