How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

30 terms

Life Science Chapter 8-Animals

STUDY
PLAY
Herbivore
animal that eats only plants or parts of plants
carnivore
animal that eats other animals or the remains of other animals
omnivore
animal that eats plants and animals or animal flesh
vertebrate
animal with a backbone
invertebrate
animal without a backbone
radial symmetry
body parts arranged in a circle around a central point
bilateral symmetry
body parts arranged in a similar way on both sides of the body, with each half being nearly a mirror image of the other half
exoskeleton
thick, hard, outer covering that protects and supports arthropod bodies and provides places for muscles to attached
Chordate
animal that has a notochord, a nerve cord, pharyngeal pouches and a postanal tail present at some stage of development
notochord
firm but flexible structure that extends along the upper part of the chordates body
nerve cord
tubelike structure above the notochord that in most chordates develops into the brain and spinal cord
endoskeleton
supportive framework of bone and/or cartilage that provides an internal place for muscle attachment and protects a vertebrate's internal organs
cartilage
tough, flexible tissue that joins vertebrae and makes up all or part of the vertebrate endoskeleton
vertebrae
backbones that are joined by flexible cartilage and protect a vertebrate's spinal nerve cord
ectotherm
vertebrate animal whose internal temperature changes when the temperature of its environment changes
endotherm
vertebrate animal with a nearly constant internal temperature
hibernation
inactivity in cold weather; cyclic response of inactivity and slowed metabolism that occurs during periods of cold temperatures and limited food supplies
estivation
inactivity in hot, dry months
amniotic egg
egg covered with a shell that provides a complete environment for the embryo's development; for reptiles, a major adaptation for living on land
contour feather
strong, lightweight feather that give birds their coloring and shape and that are used for flight
down feathers
soft, fluffy feathers that provide an insulating layer next to the skin of adult birds and that cover the bodies of young birds
endotherm
vertebrate animals with a nearly constant internal temperature
mammal
endothermic vertebrates that have hair, teeth specialized for eating certain foods, and mammary gland, in females, mammary glands produce milk for feeding their young
mammary glands
glands of mammals in females, produce milk to feed their young
monotreme
a mammal that lays eggs with tough, leathery shell and whose mammary glands do not have nipples
marsupial
a mammal with an external pouch for the development of its immature young
placental
a mammal whose offspring develop inside a female uterus
gestation period
period during which an embryo develops in the uterus, the length of times varies among species
placenta
an organ that develops from tissues of the embryo and tissues that line the inside of the uterus and that absorbs oxygen and food from the mother's blood
umbilical cord
connects the embryo to the placenta; moves food and oxygen from the placenta to the embryo and removes the embryo's waste products