189 terms

THEA3340 Readings

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Scenic Designer
The person who designs the look of the scenery and then paints renderings and drafts floor plans
Director
The person who makes the final judgements on all artistic decisions in the production, subject to the financial approval of the producer
dimmerboard operator
runs and operates the lighting board
stage manager
handles rehearsal schedules, runs rehearsal itself, provides assistance to the director, and during the run, is in charge backstage
stage crew chief
the person who decides how the shift will be done and assigns the crew their individual jobs
Costumer desinger
designs the clothing and costumes in the production
costume shop manager
manages all the costumes
first hand
Assistant to the costume shop manager
cutter
part of the costume department; cut patterns
stitcher
part of the costume department; sew the costumes
drapers
part of the costume department; drape the garments
dressers
handles the costumes during the run of the show
prop designer
the person that designs the props
prop master
also known as the prop coordinator manages the props
prop carpenters
build the props
craftspeople
helps prop carpenter build the props
prop crew
they handle the props during the run of the show
lighting designer
design any lighting cues
master electrician
manage the lighting designs
electrics crew
assist the master electrician manage the lighting design
follow spot operators
in control of any follow spots used in the production
lighting cues
the instructions that tell the lighting operator what to do and when to do it
sound designer
the person who chooses sound, makes tapes, and designs the sound system
sound engineer
the person who operates the sound system during a performance
monitor mixer
the person who controls which sounds are heard in the monitor speakers (the speaker that performers listen to) onstage
monitor speakers
speakers that are designed to help the performers hear themselves
Assistant stage manage (ASM)
an assistant to the stage manager; is a gofer position, the essential yet thankless job of getting done whatever needs to get done
Company manager
makes all travel, lodging, and food arrangements for the cast and crew
production stage manager (PSM)
someone who oversees and coordinates the entire production process
- in broadway = works for the producer and moves from show to show
- in regional or repertory theater = in charge of the entire season
Scenery desginer
designs the scenery
Technical Director (TD)
usually uncharge of deciding how the set will be built (not the designer; just voice of reason and reality in design process)
Scene shop
where/who builds the scenery
Scene shop manager
or master carpenter - in charge of carpenters and welders in the shop
paint shop and scenic artist
do painting and decorating of scenery
charge artist
supervise the paint shop and scenic artist
stage crew
handles the stage scenery during the run of the show
fly man
operates any scenery that flies in or out
playing space
the amount of the stage that will be visible to the audience
wing space
the part of the stage that the audience cannot see
green room
where actors can wait for their cue to go onstage
crossover
is the path that actors use to get from one side of the stage to the other without being seen by the audience
light trees
used in on traditional spaces with out rigging systems; you put all your lighting on them
truss
is along piece if grid work supported by towers on each end
battens
pipes that you hang lighting, scenery, etc from
dead hung
items hung in one spot that are unable to move
grid
the area above the stage where rigging is hung down from
purchase lines
part of the rigging system; line used to move scenery in and out
arbor
where the weight is placed in the rigging system
counterweights
offsets the weight of whatever you are trying to fly
line set
A set of cables that hold one batten in a system for lifting scenery and lighting: purchase line, arbor, cables, and batten make up this
electric
a batten specifically used for lighting instruments
hard-wired electric
a pipe that is permanently furnished with lighting circuits
first electric
the electric pipe closet to the proscenium (often hardwired)
acoustical shell
the huge curved walls that shit behind choirs and orchestras
front-of-house
FOH - the audience area; commonly used to describe staff (such as ushers) and lighting positions
beams
horizontal lighting position over the audience
booms
vertical lighting
lighting inventory
a list if all the instrument
circuit plot
shows where you can plug in all the lighting instruments
dimmers
an electronic device that reduces the amount of power that a lighting instrument receives, thereby reducing the light that it is putting out
stage plug
stage pin or three pin: one of two common types of plugs on stage lighting instruments, it has three round pins and a square, black plug
twist lock
one of two common types of plugs on stage lighting instruments, it has three curved blades that lock when inserted and twisted
Edison plugs
the standard household plug in the United States. Two parallel metal tabs.
channel
In computer lighting control consoles, a way of controlling a group of dimmers
monitor system
a system that allows people backstage (or on stage) to hear what is happening on the stage
headset system
Phone-like systems used to keep in touch during a performance
base station
the main station in a headset system; the part that provides the power and connective ability for all the other headsets
belt packs
part of a headset system that connects the headset to the rest of the system
headsets
see headset system
cable
any long, rubbery cord with plugs on each end that carries electricity. The larger ones carry power to lighting instruments; the smaller ones carry data or audio signals
sight lines
any of the lines of sight between the spectator and the stage or playing area in a theater, stadium, etc.
extreme sight lines
the seat in the auditorium that, by nature of its location, has the best view of backstage. Used to determine masking requirements
masking
The draperies or flats that hide backstage from the audience's view
legs
drapes that hang to the side of the stage, hiding the backstage area
borders
a horizontal drape that runs across the top of the stage, hiding the lighting instruments
grand drape
the main curtain a.k.a the main rag
pipe-and drape
a system of curtains often used in hotels for temporary stage setup
box sets
an interior set with three complete walls; the fourth wall is open to the audience
multi set shows
a show that requires several distinct sets, such as a large broadway musical
unit set
a set that changes very little during a performance but still creates many locations through changes in props and lighting
floor plan
the diagram showing the placement of the scenery as view from above
proscenium arch
the architectural wall that separates the backstage area from the audience
center line
an imaginary line down the center of the stage from upstage to downstage
plaster line
The line used for measurements that runs across the back of the proscenium arch
glare
the reflection of the light from the floor of the stage; caused by lighting instruments pointed downstage over a floor that has been painted a shiny color
bounce
stray light beams that bounce off shiny surfaces and go where they don't belong
back light
light coming from upstage of an actor
flats
vertical walls of scenery
valence
a small drapery that runs across the top of the grand drape and other fancy uses
show drop
a front curtain designed especially for a particular production
fire curtain
the heavy, fire resistant curtain that seals off the stage from the audience on the event of a fire
knife curtain
or guillotine: a type of grand drape that covers the entire proscenium opening. It flies straight up to reveal the stage
traveler curtain
A type of drape that covers the entire stage with two panels of fabric that split in the middle. The drapes are pulled to each side to reveal the stage
tab curtain
a type of grand drape that is hung in two panels, like a traveler drape, but pulled up diagonally to reveal the stage
Austrian curtain
a type of drape that has rings sewn to the rear of the fabric in vertical columns, with a cable running through each column of rings
Venetian Drape
a curtain rigged, like the Austrian, with rings sewn to the back in vertical columns and cables threaded through the rings Unlike the Austrian the cable can be pulled up individually, allowing the curtain to assume different contours
teaser
a horizontal drape across the stage, designed to hide the first electric
tormentors
masking drapes just inside the proscenium that mask the backstage area
tabs
a vertical drape just inside the proscenium that masks performers in the wings. Also term meaning to pull a drape aside
border
a horizontal drape that runs across the top stage, hiding the lighting instruments
portal
the archway formed by two legs and a border
false proscenium
a portal that sits in front of or inside the real proscenium, giving the set its own "picture frame"
fullness
the number and depth of the folds in a drape. The greater the fullness, the more fold in the drape
sewn-in fullness
a technique for draperies where the fabric is gathered into folds and permanently sewn that way
drops
a flat piece of fabric, generally painted, that forms part of the scenery
muslin
a reasonably priced cotton fabric with a number of theatrical used, including drops, flats, and rehearsal costumes
webbing
the thick woven fabric at the top of a drape that holds the grommets
grommets
small metal rings driven into a drop; designed to hold tie lines
tie lines
Small cotton lines used to attach drapes and drops to battens
chain pockets
a fabric pouch running the length of a drape along the bottom. It is designed to hold a chain that weighs down the bottom of the drape
scrim
a lightweight fabric that can be mostly opaque when lit from the front, while mostly transparent when the light on the fabric is turned off and objects behind it are lit
blackout drop
A black drop that lives behind a scrim drop, making it fully opaque
cyclorama
a large backdrop meant to resemble the sky
ground row
a low, horizontal piece of scenery designed to hide lighting instruments on the floor
projection screens
specially designed sheet of plastic fabric used to project slides, video, or film
rear projection screens
the process of projecting on a screen from the upstage side. Requires specially designed screen.
front projection screens
screens that are designed to be projected on from the front, usually with the projector behind the audience
hot spot
the center of a beam of light; the brightest part of the beam
canvas
a type of inexpensive cotton fabric, generally used for drops and flats. Heavier weight than muslin
velour
a lush, heavy fabric used for grand drapes and other very fancy uses
duvateen
a inexpensive, opaque fabric often used for drapery or masking
nap
the "fluffy" part of the fabric
erosion cloth
a very lovely woven cloth used to cover freshly seeded ground. used in theater for texture and background
industrial felt
A specialty fabric used to make hats, props, and sometimes, scenery. Looks like felt, but much heavier
designer fabrics
specialty fabrics for the stage such as slit drape, shimmer cloth, and so on
practical
able to be operated, like a window or a faucet; also used to describe a "real" lamp or other lighting fixture on a set
gripping
moving scenery by picking it up manually
rolling
using wheels to move scenery
flying
being raised up in the air. To "fly" a piece of scenery is to raise in up using ropes or cables. People may also be flown, but only by trained professionals using special equipment
tripping
folding a piece of flying scenery as it goes out. Generally done to save space
walking up a flat
a method of getting a flat from a horizontal position to a vertical one
footing
Bracing a flat with your foot while it is being raised from a horizontal position to a vertical one
wagon
a rolling platform
castors
the wheels on a platform
swivel
a castor that is able to role in any direction
straight run
A rolling platform that only roll forward and back, as opposed to a swivel platform, which can go any direction you want. Also describes the caster that makes this possible
straight run wagon
A rolling platform that only roll forward and back, not side to side
knife
a slender piece of metal attached to a platform and sticking down into a groove in the floor. Helps to keep the platform moving straight
revolve
a stage or a portion of one, that rotates
show deck
a set of platforms that lock together into a full-stage deck that sits on top of the permanent stage. often contains rigging and machinery for moving platforms
jackknife platform
a platform that pivots on one corner
deus ex machina
originally, a theatrical device in the Ancient Greek theater where a god would appear above the scenery at the end of the play and resolve all the conflicts. Now, any event happening late in the show that, somewhat miraculously, resolves everybody's problems
hemp flying system
A system to fly scenery using hemp ropes and sandbags
blocking
The movement of the actors on stage
pin rail
In a hemp fly system, the place where the ropes are tied off.
aircraft cable
thin, steel cable used to hang scenery
counterweight flight system
a system of moving scenery up into the air using cables and counterweights
pickup lines
the cables that attach to a batten and raise it up (fly it out)
bricks
another name for counterweights
rails
the top and bottom boards in a flat
loading rail
where you go to put weight on the arbor in a flying system
lock rail
the place where you stand to operate a counterweight flying system. So named because it has a set of locks that prevent the scenery from moving. The locks are mounted on a metal railing
purchase line
In a flying system, the rope that the operator uses to move the scenery or lighting unit up and down during the performance
line schedule
the order in which the lines will be set and moved in or off stage
shift plot
a document that lists all the crew involved in a shift change, as well as their respective jobs
a vista
in view of the audience, as in an a vista scene change
counterweight trap
A trap that uses the counterweight system to open and close it
silk flames
a special effect that uses a fan and strips of silk fabric to imitate real flames
flicker generator
a special effect that uses several lights and an electronic dimmer to create the effect of flickering light
chase effects
special effect, produced by a lighting control console, that cause a series of lights to turn on and off in sequence. Used for marquis lights and fire effects, amount other things
smoke machine
a machine that heats up mineral oil and blows it out into the air as smoke
hazer
a device that creates a thin mist of fog throughout the stage
dry ice
extremely cold ice, forms by freezing carbon dioxide. Used in fog machines. Can burn you if it touches your skin.
fog machine
a simple machine that produces a ground-hugging fog by melting dry-ice
breakaway
any scenery or prop that is designed to break on cue
breakaway glass
a fake glass made of a material that can be safely broken without producing dangerously sharp pieces
snow machine
an electric machine that churns out fake snow that evaporates quickly
snow bag
a long bag strung between two battens and filled with artificial snow. Shake it gently and it will "snow" on stage
snow cradle
another name for snow bag
synchronous
In a show-control system, a series of events that always happen in the same order
asynchronous
in a show control system, a series of events that can happen in any order, depending on input from an audience
event-based
a show-control system that makes things happen when an event happens, like when a button is pushed. the opposite of time based
time-based
a show-control system that makes things happen at a particular time, either at a particular time of day or after a particular amount of time has passed. The opposite of event - based
time code
is a sequence of numeric codes generated at regular intervals by a timing synchronization system.
SMPTE time code
a type of "clock used by show-control systems to synchronize events backstage. First developed for video and film
chasing
the process by which one device monitors the time code coming out of another device
interface
1) any hardware device that is used to connect two different kinds of devices 2) the device or program that allows a user to control a piece of equipment
enable button
a button that must be pushed for an effect to take place. This is a common way of protecting actors and crew
dead man's switch
another name for enable button
limit switches
a switch that is thrown automatically when a moving piece of scenery reaches its final position. When this switch is thrown, the platform stops moving
e-stop
short for "emergency stop" this is a big red button that tells a machine to stop whatever it is doing immediately
MIDI time code
a type of "clock" used by show-control systems to synchronize events backstage. First developed for audio systems
MIDI show control
a computer language designed to provide show-control functions for all type of backstage equipment, including lighting consoles, audio systems, scenery controllers, and pyrotechnic controllers
programmable logic controller
PLC - a dedicated computer that does nothing but control moving scenery or pyrotechnics
life safety
any effect which could, if mishandled, endanger the life and limb of performers, audience, or crew
prop list
the master list of all items that could be considered props
set prop
props that are used only as set dressing and are not handled by actors
personal prop
props that are carried during a performance, such as guns, cigarettes, and letters
set dressing
decorations that have no function on a set but are merely placed there to look good