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the age of montesquieu

1st stage of the revolution, the bourgeoisie phase

the age of rousseau

2nd radical phase

the age of voltaire

3rd phase, enlightened despotism encouraged

third estate during the first phase

all people not clergy or nobles, but some clergy and nobles joined the group

taxes the third estate had to pay

taille- land tax, gabelle- salt tax, tithes (10% of income)


labor obligations

seigneurial system

feudal system

american revolution effect

drained the french economy, proved that revolution could happen, brought more revolutionary ideals

June 17th 1789

National Assembly formed

National Assembly

legislative group during age of montesquieu. they got rid of noble and clerical privilege, including tithes and dues. all were = under law.

july 14 1789

the storming of the bastille, when a mob stole weapons from the armory, killing guards. when Louis didn't defend it, it showed how little power he had.

the great fear

the revolution spreads to the countryside

August 27, 1789

declaration of the rights of man and the citizen


no distinction by class or titles. this occurred during the revolution.

march of the women

thousands of starving women and peasants march of Versailles. forced Louis to Paris.

national guard

created by the middle class to control the great fair

civil constitution of the clergy

national assembly confiscates church lands and sells them. abolish monasteries. church was secularized, just a state department. sets "good catholics" against "good revolutionaries." begins the age of rousseau

flight of the king

nobles leave france. Louis and family try to escape france. caught and arrested. people distrust him.

reaction by other countries

they thought the revolution could undermine their monarchies and spread to their countries.

declaration of Pillintz

August 27 1791. united austria and prussia. it said that they would step in if royal family threatened. french people wanted war against austria.

Legislative Assembly

1791. National Assembly resigns to prove they aren't power hungry. They get re-elected and are called the Legislative Assembly.

New Constitution

1791. king got "suspensive veto" meaning he could veto a law for 4 years, and his ministers were responsible for their own actions. there would be a permanent, elected, single chamber assembly with the power to tax.

active citizens

paid taxes for 3 days of labor per year. different from passive citizens, who didn't.

War with Austria

1792. France declares war on Austria. called war of first coalition. Britain, Holland, Spain, France VS Prussia, Austria. draft called levee en mass.


parisian mob stormes tuileries 1792. Louis has to seek refuge with legislative assembly. he and Marie imprisoned. because no constitutional monarchy, they needed a more radical assembly.

national convention

really radical legislative body. Girondian rule: 1792-1793. Jacobin rule: 1793-1794.


more moderate


more radical. Robespierre. took over girondist control on june 2 1793.


group created by the jacobin debating club of paris. controlled national convention at the beginning.


"without breeches." laboring poor and petty traders.

Committee of Public Safety

had the power to deal with the national emergency.


1758-1794. super radical. super rousseau. he thought if a person went against the general will, he or she was an enemy of the state.

legislation passed by national convention

law of general maxim: prices strictly enforced, seal wages, food secured by army=DEBT! law of suspect: people not enthusiastically supporting revolution= enemies of state and should die.


a fast and humane execution device. it was considered more democratic because it had a nice sharp blade for everyone.

vendee revolt

1793. revolt against revolution. noble revolt and some rural peasant support.

religious terror

de-christianization of france. public religion banned. church linked with counter-revolution. people thought religion had no place in rational republic. changed calendar.

"cultural revolution" by national convention

created metric system. abolished slavery. legalized divorce. enacted shared inheritance laws.

death of marat

PROPAGANDA. marat portrayed as patriotic saint. similar qualities to jesus images.

painter david

propagandist who wanted virtue, valued lower classes, part of national convention. called "tyrant of arts" and eventually got banished.

Thermidorian Reaction

radical hotbeds shut down. churches opened. 1795 new constitution of a conservative republic.


people attacked leaders of the Terror. "white terror"

political instability during directory and thermidorian reaction

inflation, bread riots.

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