Terms in this set (30)
Frank Parsons is recognized as:
a. The father of vocational guidance
b. The father of career counseling
c. The father of counseling
D. All of the Above
e. A and B
Which of the following terms refers exclusively to paid employment?
E. B and D
f. None of the above
Identify the technological advance(s) associated with the Industrial Revolution.
a. Assembly line
b. Harnessing of electricity
c. Mass Production
d. Railroad Expansion
E. All of the above
f.A and C
When the profession of career counseling originated, the economy of the United States was especially strong and jobs were plentiful.
Prior to the industrial revolution, careers tended to be determined by the type of work one's parents' did.
Interfirm mobility is the primary emphasis of a protean career.
(Primary emphasis is on a boundryless career)
There is generally agreement that career identity is only tangentially related to one's sense of self.
Ambitious employees today should demonstrate loyalty and focus upon advancement opportunities with their current employers.
Early in the counseling process, career counselors should offer advice about client concerns so as to establish credibility.
Which of the following is NOT considered an outcome of the digital revolution?
a. Decreased reliance upon print materials in the workplace
b. Increased ability to work off-site with flex scheduling
C. Decreased hours and workload
d. Increased efficiency
e. B and C
f. None of the Above
In career counseling, it is best to choose one specific theory and use it exclusively in your work with clients.
The S in the RIASEC model stands for Scientific.
Frank Parsons believed that no one should select a career without careful self-analysis.
Although Holland identified 6 personality types, he didn't address how these personalities develop.
The origin of career development theories can be traced back to ____.
a.The Civil War
b.World War II
C. The Industrial Revolution
d. The Agrarian Revolution
The techniques of which field inspired the early trait factor theories?
a. Industrial Organizational Psychology
b. Social Psychology
c. Behavioral Psychology
D. Differential Psychology
The Self-Directed Search is most closely aligned with which theory?
A. Person-Environment Fit Theory
b. Theory of Circumscription and Compromise
c. Theory of Work Adjustment
d. Life-Span Life-Space Theory
This theory focuses on the assessment of values and aptitudes.
a. Person-Environment Fit Theory
B. Theory of Work Adjustment
c. Theory of Circumscription and Compromise
d. CIP Approach
In which of the RIASEC model work environments would counselors most likely to be overrepresented?
Nuclear physicists would most likely work within which model work environment?
Which of the following statements is in contrast to a world view of individualism?
a..The individual is considered the primary psychosocial unit
b.Career decisions should be made autonomously
C.Career success is best evaluated by how much it benefits an individual's family and community
d.An individual's career satisfaction is an important element of career success
Research findings suggest that which of the following is particularly important to the development of self-efficacy beliefs for members of non-dominant racial/ethnic groups?
b. Immigration History
C. Identity Development
d. World View
The fact that people from non-dominant cultures often experience systemic barriers to education and success challenges which culturally encapsulated assumption?
c. Centrality of Work
D. Equitable Opportunity Structure
Which of the following assumptions is most related to the Protestant work ethic?
a. Centrality of Work
c. Equitable Opportunity Structure
D. Personal Agency
Which of the following groups have the highest poverty rate in the United States?
a. African Americans
c. Latino/a Americans
D. People with Disabilities
Members of non-dominant cultural groups tend to live in a barrier-based world in which their career success is constrained by social inequities.
The fact that Asian American households had the highest annual household income in 2012 shows that the socioeconomic disparities across race/ethnicity have largely been eradicated.
In order to provide effective career services, counselors must actively seek to understand their client not only as an individual but also as a cultural being.
According to Blustein, the idea of exercising volition and choosing a career is a universal concept applicable to the majority of workers around the world.
Although socioeconomic discrepancies may exist across cultures, it is important for career counselors to treat all clients the same just as their employers will.