40 terms

Culture - Key Terms

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culture
A way of life held in common by a group of people, including features such as language, history, ideals, behaviour, technology, and government.
acculturation
When an individual or group changes by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture.
multicultural society
Having to do with many cultures. Also called heterogeneous society.
bicultural society
a society that gives official recognition to two different cultures. eg Maori and European
intercultural
From different cultures or communication between people of different cultures
non-material culture
Culture that is difficult to see. Such as knowledge of traditions, beliefs, morals or values that aren't readily visible.
material culture
Culture that can be easily seen, heard or touched (physical objects). Such as clothing, food, literature, music, games, sports, fine arts, dance, holidays and festivals etc.
nature
The physical world not made by humankind. Culture is the opposite: it is artificial since it is created by humankind and not nature.
human nature
The general inbuilt character of humankind.
subculture
A culture that is shared by a smaller group of people who are also part of a larger culture. eg Goths.
uncultured
Lacking by good taste, manners, or education.
culture shock
Feelings of rejection, confusion and isolation felt by someone experiencing a culture they are unfamiliar with.
acclimatise
To get used to a new culture or way of doing things.
stereotype
A generally-held belief about a group of people.
gender roles
Roles assigned by society to people of each gender.
ethnic group
A group of people with a common ancestry and a common culture.
customs
The things people do, such as how they dress, the foods they eat, and how they celebrate holidays and turning points in life.
social etiquette
The rules of polite behaviour in society.
morals
Beliefs about what is fair and what is right or wrong.
ethics
Guidelines for human behaviour; the study of moral choices and values.
cuisine
A style of food or preparing food.
language
Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
fine arts
The study and creation of visual works of art.
architecture
The art of designing buildings.
religion
A system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics.
secular
Non-religious. Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters.
integration
To bring two or more cultures together.
assimilation
Process of becoming part of another culture. Often used to describe one smaller culture being absorbed into a larger one.
homogeneous society
A society with a common ethnic and cultural background
values
Things that are important to you.
traditions
Customs or beliefs handed down from generation to generation.
cultured
Marked by refinement in taste and manners.
humankind
Humanity, mankind, Homo sapiens collectively, human beings collectively.
generalising
make general opinions and apply them to all individual cases
culture clash
The problems and conflicts that occur when two cultures come into contact.
counterculture
A culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture. eg Hippies
cultural iceberg
Majority of culture is below the surface. Shown: food, dress, music, language, etc. Underneath: courtesy, personal space, childrearing, concept of self, etc.
cyberculture
The set of technologies, practices, attitudes, modes of thought and values that developed along with the growth of the internet.
turangawaewae
'A place to stand'. A Maori term which refers to a place that is special to you
iwi
A Maori term meaning your tribe or cultural group.