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72 terms

Medical Term in a Flash, Sharon Eagle - Chap 10

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arthr/o
joint
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of a joint
carp/o
carpus
carpectomy
surgical removal of a carpus
cervic/o
neck
cervicodynia
pain in the neck
chondr/o
cartilage
chondrodysplasia
difficult or painful (abnormal) cartilage development
cost/o
ribs
costochondritis
inflammation of the ribs and cartilage
crai/o
cranium
craniocerebral
pertaining to the cranium and brain
femor/o
fibula
fibular
pertaining to the fibula
humer/o
humerus
humeral
pertaining to the humerus
lamin/o
lamina
laminectomy
surgical removal of the lamina
lumb/o
lower back
lumbodynia
pain in the lower back
metacarp/o
metacarpus
metacarpetomy
surgical removal of the metacarpus
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
myeloplegia
paralysis of the spinal cord
my/o
muscle
myocardial
pertaining to the heart muscle
orth/o
straight
orthopnea
breathing straight (upright)
oste/o
bone
osteolytic
pertaining to destruction of the bone
patell/o
patella
patellapexy
surgical fixation of the patella
pelv/i
pelvis
pelvimeter
instrument for measuring the pelvis
phalang/o
phalanges
phalangitis
inflammation of the phalanges
stern/o
sternum
sternocostal
pertaining to the sternum and ribs
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
tendon
tenodynia
pain in the tendon
tendotome
instrument used to cut a tendon
tendinous
pertaining to a tendon
thorac/o
thorax
thoracolumbar
pertaining to the thorax and lower back
tibi/o
tibia
tibifibular
pertaining to the tibia and fibula
vertebr/o
vertebrae
vertebroplasty
surgical repair of the vertebrae
AKA
above the knee amputation
AP
anterioposterior
BKA
below the knee amputation
C1-C7
1st cervical vertebra, 2nd cervical vertebra
DJD
dengenerative joint disease (osteroarthritis)
Fx
fracture
IM
intramuscular
L1-L5
1st lumbar vertebrae, 2nd lumbar vertebrae
ortho
orthopedic or straight
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
S1-S5
1st sacral vertebra, 2nd sacral vertebra
T1-T12
1st thoracic vertebra, 2nd thoracic vertebra
THR
total hip replacement
TKR
total knee replacement
carpal tunnel
compression of median nerve causes pain or numbness in the wrist, hand, and fingers
contracture
fibrosis of connective tissue which decreases mobility of a joint
crepitation
a grating sound from broken bones or a clicking or crackling sound from joints
gout
hereditary form of arthritis characterized by uric acid accumulation in the joints, especially in the great toe
herinated disk
herination of the soft center of an intervertebral disk between two vertebrae
kyphosis
abnormal increase in curvature of thoracic vertebrae, causing "hunchback"
lordosis
abnormal increase in curvature of lumbar vertebrae causing "swayback"
muscular dystrophy
hereditary, progressive, terminal disease that causes muscle atrophy and death usually by the age of 20
myasthenia gravis
autoimmune motor disorder that causes progressive muscle fatigue and weakness
osteoarthritis
type of arthritis marked by progressive cartilage deterioration in synovial joints and vertebrae