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18 terms

Plant and Animal Cell Parts and Functions

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Cell Wall
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
Chloroplast
an organelle found in plant and algae cells containing chlorophyll, where photosynthesis occurs
Centrioles
organelles made of microtubules involved in cell division
Golgi Apparatus
organelle that modifies, sorts, and packages products from the endoplasmic reticulum
Centrosome
microtubule-organizing center
Cilia
short, hair-like structures that enable movement of cells
Flagellum
a long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move
Lysosomes
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
Peroxisomes
organelle containing enzymes used to break down hydrogen peroxide
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, site of cellular respiration
Nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Nucleolus
structure inside the nucleus, where ribosomes are made
Ribosomes
site of protein synthesis
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosome studded organelle. site of protein synthesis and transport
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
No ribosomes, site of lipid synthesis
Vacuole
membrane-bound storage for food, water, minerals, waste
Central Vacuole
membrane bound sac in mature plant cell with roles in reproduction, growth, and development.
Plasma Membrane
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell. controls passage of substances in and out of the cell