Earth's Structure: Introducing Earth - Convection and the Mantle
Terms in this set (17)
The movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter and therefore less dense material to rise, and colder, denser material to sink under the influence of gravity, which consequently results in transfer of heat.
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles.
Form of heat transfer where heat energy is directly transferred between molecules through molecular collisions or direct contact.
A material that easily transfers heat between its particles
the movement of thermal energy from one thing to another of different temperature; occurs in three ways that are related to molecular movement: conduction, convection, and radiation.
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a temperature difference between the objects
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
a measure of how much thermal energy something has
Circular movement of a substance due to Earth's gravity, density, and differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another
Two or more atoms joined together
To draw together, to reduce in size
to increase in extent, size, volume, scope, etc.
heat energy; the collective kinetic and potential energy of the molecules
Energy that an object has due to its motion
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement
Building material that blocks heat transfer between the air inside and outside
A material that does not easily transfer heat between its particles