Romeo and Juliet Literary Terms

includes literary terms for Romeo and Juliet.
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Juxtaposition for contrast
using opposites to create interest
Ex: prose/poetry, comedy/drama
foil
contrast characters
Ex: nurse/Lady Capulet, Benvolio/Tybalt
personification
giving human characteristics to something nonhuman
Ex: "Death is my son-in-law."
sonnet
14 line poem written in iambic pentameter with an ababcdbdefefgg rhyme scheme
Ex: prologue when Romeo meets Juliet
Allusion
reference to character from mythology or history
Ex: "...from Aurora's dawn", "....she hath Dian's wit"
pun
play on double meaning of a word
Ex: "Being but heavy, I will bear the light.", "You have dancing shoes with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead...."
heroic couplet
rhyming last two lines of a scene
foreshadowing
providing hints or clues of what's to come
Ex: Juliet imagines she sees Romeo's face in a tomb when he climbs down from her window
aside
speech spoken directly to the audience [written in brackets by the character's name]
monologue
long speech by a single speaker
Ex: Queen Mab, Nurse's first long speech
soliloquy
same as monologue, but the character's alone
Ex: Friar L's herb speech
iambic pentameter
u/u/u/u/u/
blank verse
unrhyming iambic pentameter (u/u/u/u/u/)
verbal scene setting
establishing time and place with dialogue
Ex: "now is the sun upon the utmost hill."
dramatic irony
Reader has knowledge characters do not
Ex: the reader knows that Romeo and Juliet are married before their parents know.
obsolete meaning
out of date
Ex: "A was a merry man."
oxymoron
two contradictory words
Ex: "Friend angelical", "cold fire", "loving hate", "bright smoke"
simile
comparison using "like" or "as" (possibly even "seem")
Ex: "As in the bud bit...."
metaphor
comparison without like or as
Ex: "love is a smoke"