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Terms in this set (95)
PREHISTORIC: a priestly figure who communicates directly with the gods through ritual for the benefit of the community
characterization, dialogue, music, song, dance
PREHISTORIC: During shamanism rituals, masks were worn and what elements of performance were used?
PREHISTORIC: animal imitation, pantomime, gymnastics, rhythmic movement, sometimes with the addition of masks and costumes, were all what?
What is probably the oldest form of storytelling?
PREHISTORIC: what has entertained and educated human beings from the beginning of language?
a ritual depicting the myth of the god Osiris
PREHISTORIC: what was the first recorded performance?
The term 'drama' comes from the Greek word meaning what?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: the flowering of Greek drama had its roots in what?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: Who was the god of wine and fertility?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: Who was the Muse of comedy?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: Who was the Muse of tragedy?
ancient Greek Muses
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: The masks of comedy and tragedy are symbols of the ?
the two sides of Dionysus
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: The masks of comedy and tragedy are said to represent what?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: The festival of primitive celebrations in honor of the god of wine and fertility was called what?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: What was
the hymn dancers chanted around an alter?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: were dancers at Dionysia
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: 3 plays on the same theme
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: city-appointed producer
coveted laurel wreath
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: the winning playwright and the choregos were awarded the ?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: was the earliest recorded actor and the winner of the first theatrical contest in Greece
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: Thespis invented this type of character
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: Today, actors are still called ? after Thespis
Father of Tragedy
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: Thespis is often called the
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: The theater was carved from a hillside and could hold up to
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: stage that was about 78 feet
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: corridors/large arches in front of stage where the chorus entered the orchestra/dancing place
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: where actors changed their costumes/masks
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: raised platform
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: there were only ? actors playing all the major roles
tall headpieces and masks
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: actors wore
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: those with tragic roles wore ? to put them above other actors
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: those with ? wore elevated shoes to put them above other actors
thin soled shoes
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: those with comedic roles wore ?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: those with ? wore thin soled shoes
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: masks ated as ? to project actor's voice
leather, wood, clay, linen
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: masks were made of ?
exaggerated facial features and expression
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: masks had ? so it was easy to tell difference between a lover or a villian
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: masks also allowed them to play ?
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: wooden structure that imitated the female figure that men wore while playing female roles
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: triangular prisms that could be pivoted to reveal three different backgrounds; used to accomplish shift scenes
death of a character
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: felt that "violence must take place off=stage out of sight of the audience" so the ? was always heard behind the skene
Deus ex Machina
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: crane-like machine by which an actor playing the part of a god and riding in a large basket could be lowered onto the stage from above; used as a device to conveniently assist the human characters in solving their problems through divine intervention
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: theater was an ?
comedies, tragedies, and satire
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: ? all came from Greek drama
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: actors singing instead of speaking resulted in
Prometheus Bound, The Persians, The Life and Love of Athena
600 B.C.-1 A.D.-GREECE 6th CENTURY: most famous Greek plays
ROMAN THEATER: the Romans borrowed from ?
ROMAN THEATER: this word comes from Roman Theater
Pompey the Great
ROMAN THEATER: erected first permanent theater in Rome
ROMAN THEATER: Pompey the Great seated ? people
amphitheaters and theaters
ROMAN THEATER: had both
translations of Greek plays into Latin
ROMAN THEATER: one form that Roman plays took
plays based on farcical situations and physical humor
ROMAN THEATER: another form that Roman plays took
ROMAN THEATER: most popular of stage entertainments; short scenes given by 2/3 actors w/ spoken dialogue; set on streets/outdoors and the conflict derived from eavesdropping
ROMAN THEATER: given by single dancer; some were just dancing, some with music, some with music and words; full of indecent humor, outlandish buffoonery; political farces, and sexual inuendo; became so gross people began to discount them
all decent Romans and the church
ROMAN THEATER: bent toward mostly low comedies b/c they had mass appeal, but in time they were condemned by who?
2000 year draught
DARK AGES 500-1000 AD: fall of Roman Empire/Dark Ages contributed to about a ? where not a single great play was written
DARK AGES 500-1000 AD: who opposed theatrics
street players, jugglers, acrobats, and animal trainers
DARK AGES 500-1000 AD: Some say theater's memory was kept alive only in the performances of ?
preservation of theater
DARK AGES 500-1000 AD: The church itself contributed to the ?
MEDIEVAL DRAMA: what caused theaters to be outlawed as the Roman Empire declined and fell, but was one of the primary reasons drama got its rebirth
establish itself in the community
MEDIEVAL DRAMA: the church helped drama get its rebirth because of the church's need to
MEDIEVAL DRAMA: a dramatic presentation depicting the Passion of Christ
MEDIEVAL DRAMA: portrayed temptations and challenges facing humans between heaven and hell; dramatized the lives of Roman Catholic saints-the most popular subjects were the Virgin Mary and St. Nicholas
MEDIEVAL DRAMA: were allegories; dealt with principles of right and wrong; characters stood for abstract qualities like greed or ambition or love; taught how to live a Christian life and how to be saved
Greek and Roman plays
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): was the rebirth of
England than in Italy
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): the Renaissance had less influence on theater in
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): picture frame stage
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): who developed the proscenium
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): also influenced
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): evolved from the use of enclosed courtyards of inns to
members of the audience
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): these people were able to not only sit in the galleries surrounding the stage on three sides, and in the ground space around the elevated stage, but on the stage itself
loyalty to government
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): plays still had moralistic tone but were more about ? than religious virtue
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): emphasis was on ? as opposed to blocking or action
RENAISSANCE (1300-1600): performance of plays by ? were often banned inside city because:
1. fear of the traveling performers carrying the plague
2. patrons who had too much to drink might cause civil unrest
3. women of "ill repute" hung around the areas surrounding play houses and public inns where performances took place
Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson
ELIZABETHAN: most notable playwrights
ELIZABETHAN: most popular open air theater built in 1599
ELIZABETHAN: plays were written in verse, mostly ?
ELIZABETHAN: the Globe had no ?
costume, dance, clever scenery and scene changes
ELIZABETHAN: In France and in England, plays were often masques in which ? were more emphasized than acting and plot
ELIZABETHAN: what were a vital force in people's lives
ELIZABETHAN: theaters were closed from 1642-1660 because it was considered immoral by who?
ELIZABETHAN: when were women first allowed to appear on stage?
18TH CENTURY: more plays were written for and about who?
out of date
18TH CENTURY: the themes and language of Shakespeare's plays were now considered what?
18TH CENTURY: who were finally banned from the stage?
ordinary people as characters, sentimental comedy, and moralizing domestic tragedy
18TH CENTURY: plays now dealt with ?
18TH CENTURY: what type of theater began to make its appearance in the colonies of North America?
18TH CENTURY: First theater built in Williamsburg, VA in 1716; was used for over 3 decades; in 1745 it was converted to a municipal hall and after that, the building was eventually taken down
19TH CENTURY: gas lighting was first introduced in 1817 and by the end of the century there was ?
19TH CENTURY: with electrical lighting came ?
19TH CENTURY: plays focused on ? more than ?
Henrik Ibsen, George Bernard Shaw, Anton Chekov
19TH CENTURY: appearance of great playwrights like
elevators, revolving stages
19TH CENTURY: elaborate mechanisms, like ?, for the changing and flying of scenery were developed
20TH CENTURY: in the early part of the 20th century, what type of drama came to dominate stages in New York and England?
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