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Chapter Six Key Term Quiz Review
Terms in this set (20)
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
The exercise of government power in doing those things necessary to maintain legitimate authority and control over society
Rule by the people
A state in which many groups or factions are so strong that a government is unable to function.
agreement at the constitutional Convention that 3/5 of the slaves in any state be counted in its population
supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution
Written by Hamilton, Jay, & Madison to support ratification of the U.S. Constitution
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
Resolved differences between northern and southern states; Congress could not tax exports nor ban the slave trade for 20 yrs.
the government has only the powers that the constitution gives it
the idea that political authority belongs to the people
division of power between the national and state governments
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
separation of powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
opposed to the Constitution because it gave too much power to the national government and not enough to the states. They also wanted individual rights protected.
Bill of Rights
set of amendments to the constitution passed to protect individual rights
a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf
Marbury v. Madison
The 1803 case that establishes the Supreme Court's power of JUDICIAL REVIEW
Schneck v. United States
The 1919 case that articulated the "clear and present danger" test.
the right of the supreme court to determine if a law violates the constitution