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CMA Chapters 12-16
Terms in this set (99)
What structure performs the mechanical action of breaking up food into smaller pieces?
Which term describes chemical substances that aid digestion and are secreted by the glands in the mouth, the lining of the stomach, and from the accessory organs?
Which structure prepares undigested substances for elimination from the body?
Which term is used to describe food mixed with stomach secretions?
Which substance is secreted from the liver and aids in digesting fats?
Which term means indigestion?
Which condition could result from the normal use of irritants such as coffee, alcohol, and tobacco?
Which condition could present with symptoms such as fever, vomiting, jaundice, and pain in the upper right quadrant?
Which category of drug aids in digestion by replacing digestive enzymes that are missing due to diseases such as stomach cancer, pernicious anemia, or pancreatitis?
Which term is used to describe small outgrowths on the inside of the large intestine, most often in the rectum or sigmoid colon?
Tagamet, Zantac, Pepcid, and Axid are examples of which type of drugs?
Histamine H2-receptor antagonists
Prilosec, Prevacid, Nexium, and Protonix are examples of which type of drugs?
Proton pump inhibitors
What are the mechanisms of antidiarrheals?
Absorb bacteria and toxins that cause bacteria, inhibit intestinal motility, and coat the walls of the GI track
Which side effect is caused by some weight-loss medications?
Loss of fat-soluble vitamins
Permanent bowel and bone damage and electrolyte imbalances may result from:
Metamucil, Dulcolax, Correctol, and Senokot are examples of which category of drugs?
Which type of tube is inserted through the nose and down the esophagus into the stomach that is used for the administration of medications?
Rest, a high-fiber diet, antibiotics, and a bulk laxative such as Metamucil are used to treat which condition?
Maalox, Mylanta, and Gelusil are examples of which type of drug?
Which medication is an example of an antidiarrheal?
Which of the following terms describes the functional unit of the kidney?
The ureter, the bladder, and the urethra are collectively termed the organs of:
In the male, the urethra is shared by the ________ and ________ systems.
Normally, urine is amber- or straw-colored, and clear. When allowed to stand for a period of time, urine becomes:
Which of the following means puss in the urine?
Which of the following terms is used to describe the inability to completely empty the bladder?
Which of the following terms describes the inability to control urination?
A kidney that does not work properly fails to eliminate drugs as expected, and the drugs accumulate in the body with each dose; therefore, the patient must be watched closely for drug ________ whenever there is suspected problems with the kidneys.
Which of the following describes the percentage of water in the body of an average adult?
When the kidneys are diseased, the body may not be able to maintain a balance between I & O, and it is sometimes necessary to keep track of the I & O of:
Which of the following may be prescribed for a vomiting patient who loses too much water?
Which of the following describes a scale for measuring acidity and alkalinity fluid?
Which of the following term describes a pH of less than 7.0?
Which of the following is a side effect of some thiazides?
Which of the following is a side effect of too low a level of potassium resulting in fatigue, muscle weakness, and cardiac changes such as disturbances in the electrical impulses that stimulate the heartbeat?
Which of the following can be replaced by eating a diet rich in potassium, calcium, sodium, and magnesium?
Nutrient-based solutions such as Pedialyte, Lytren, Ricelyte, and Resol are used in which of the following types of therapies?
Oral rehydration therapy
Which of the following imbalances may occur secondary to kidney malfunction improper diets, or unusual physical activity?
Nausea, thirst, fatigue, dry mouth, muscle weakness, an irregular pulse are signs of which of the following conditions?
Which of the following terms describes the release of an ovum from an ovary?
Which of the following terms is used to describe the structure that contains and nourishes the fertilized ovum as it develops?
Which of the following terms describes the structure that connects the uterus to the outside of the body, a passage into which sperm is introduced, the canal through which the baby is born?
Which of the following terms is used to describe the male reproductive cell?
Which of the following terms is used to describe the male and female sex glands?
Which of the following hormones is responsible for the higher voice, breast development, and shapeliness that are characteristics of women?
Which of the following hormones prepares the uterus to carry and nourish the fetus as it grows?
Which of the following hormones is produced by the male gonads?
Which of the following is a cause of erectile dysfunction in younger men?
Which of the following drugs should not be taken while using viagra?
Which of the following terms is used to describe the pituitary hormones that regulate reproduction?
Which of the following terms describes the most common urinary tract infection in older men?
Which of the following hormones could be prescribed after menopause or a total hysterectomy?
Which of the following terms describes failure to menstruate?
Which of the following is a risk of long-term estrogen replacement?
Which of the following hormones is given for conditions such as abnormal uterine bleeding, endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, and amenorrhea?
Which of the following are found in combination in oral contraceptives?
Estrogen and progestin
Which of the following is the action of an oral contraceptive?
To inhibit ovulation by suppressing FSH and LH levels
What are the routes that can be used to administer contraceptives?
Oral, transdermal, and intramuscular
Which of the following terms describes anything used to terminate pregnancy?
The main regulators of metabolism, growth, and development, reproduction, homeostasis, energy production, and immunity are:
Which of the following terms is used to describe a condition that results from the overproduction of growth hormone in an adult?
Which of the following symptoms is NOT caused by hyperthyroidism?
An intolerance to cold, personality changes, fatigue, dry skin, brittle nails, slow speech, and weight gain may be symptoms of:
Which of the following terms is used to describe hormones that regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats have an anti-inflammatory effect?
Which of the following terms is used to describe hormones that maintain normal blood volume and promote sodium and water retention and urinary excretion of potassium?
Which of the following terms is used to describe a gland that is overdeveloped?
Which of the following is the most common use of hormones in drug therapy?
Which of the following terms describes the onset of glucose tolerance during pregnancy?
Which of the following is NOT a way to manage a mild case of diabetes?
Administering intramuscular injections of insulin
Which of the following is NOT a category of insulin?
Which of the following is the route of administration of Humlin R?
Which of the following does NOT affect a diabetic person's need for insulin?
Which of the following terms describe large amount of sugar in the urine?
Diabetics should avoid:
Teaching diabetic patients good habits of skin, foot, and dental care can prevent ________.
Which of the following types of insulin should NOT be cloudy?
Which of the following is NOT a reason that a gland may secrete too much, too little, or too early?
Faulty messages from the pituitary
(Reasons are hyperplasia, tumor, and genetic factors)
Large doses of which of the following are given to combat allergic reactions and inflammation?
Weight gain, edema, hypertension, and failure of wounds to heal are problems associated with the long-term dose of which of the following?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the musculoskeletal system?
The reason for the hardness of bones is that the spaces between bone cells are filled with:
Which of the following are examples of short bones?
In which of the following type of tissue are red blood cells, certain white blood cells, and platelets formed?
Red bone marrow
Which of the following terms describes a place where two or more bones come together?
Which of the following terms describes an abnormal, permanent shortening of a muscle cause by prolonged periods of inactivity?
Which of the following types of injury occurs when a muscle is stretched?
Which of the following terms describes an infection inside the bone?
Osteoporosis most commonly occurs in the:
Wrists, hips, and spine
Which of the following are most often the cause of stooped appearance of an older adult?
Fractures of the vertebrae
Which of the following drugs used to treat osteoporosis is taken only once a month?
Osteoarthritis is also called:
Degenerative joint disease
Which of the following is a drug that suppresses inflammation in degenerative diseases of the joints?
Which of the following is a drug that controls muscle spasms?
Which of the following is a drug that reduces the formation of uric acid?
Which of the following terms describes an enclosed space between bone and joint?
Which of the following drugs prevents reabsorption and increases excretion of uric acid in the kidneys?
Which of the following terms is used to describe failure of the bone marrow to produce enough of all three components of the blood?
A patient who presents with symptoms to include weakness, pale skin, dyspnea, fever, chills, and bleeding from the gums may have:
Bone marrow depression
The skeleton is made up of ________ bones.
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