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HN Exam 1 Review
Terms in this set (37)
According to the American Hear Association, men should restrict themselves to no more than ___ calories from added sugars per day and women to no more than ___ calories from added sugars per day?
A single gram of sugar provides how many calories?
Which of the following url's is most likely to indicate a reliable source of nutrition information?
.edu, .gov, . org, .com, .net
Best: edu, gov
Usually good: org
Proceed with caution: com & net
What food groups make up the MyPlate?
Fruits, vegetables, grains, protein, dairy
In order to meet federal guidlines for whole gain intake, a person whose diet relied on take-out food and eating out would have to eat __ calories worth of this food in a single day to get enough whole grains.
List some food groups/food categories that contain carbohydrate
whole grains, fruit, corn, potatoes
True or False
When the body needs more carbohydrate, it can break down fat stored in adipose tissue (fat cells) and convert the fatty acids to glucose.
Diets high in animal products also tend to be overly high in which type of fat?
What are the benefits of following a Mediterranean-type dietary pattern?
A diet high in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and fish is correlated with a decreased risk of developing heart disease and other chronic diseases.
Fiber, Omega -3 fatty acids, lower sodium, lower added sugars, lower in saturated fat, adequate nutrient intake, phytochemicals fromt the plant foods
What are the charracteristics of a Mediterranean-type lifestyle/dietary pattern?
Exercise: minimum of 30 minutes at least 5 days a week
Diet: grains, fruits and vegetables etc.
On a 30 second T.V. commercial for the Dairy Council, a professional football star claims milk improves his athletic endurance by boosting his energy level. This is an example of ___.
a testimonial reliable nutrition information
What is the definition of a scientific theory?
Scientific theory = indicates the scientific consensus around a set of facts, principles, and/or phenomena
Dietary supplements for sale...
may not be proven safe or effective by scientific evidence
Which of the following is most likely to provide reliable nutrition and health information?
A registered dietitian at the K-State student health center
What does the step of the scientific method "background research" mean?
Review of peer-reviewed scientific to see if the subject has already been studied and/or what research questions remain
In nutrition research, observations of the quantites and types of foods eaten by groups of people and the health status of those groups are known as
What is a major limitations of these types of studies?
Observationsal studies cannot show cause and effect.
We can only conclude that there is a corrrelation between A & B, not absolutely prove that A caused B
However, you can usee observational studies to raise furtehr questions for future studies.
Which of the following is the effect?
when a subject believes a medical treatment will improve his or her health, the patient is more likely to report positive results for the therapy.
group being studied that receives a placebo or standdard treatment
the amount of subjects in the study
research participants are assigned by chance, rather than by choice, to either the experimental group or the control group
What is the peer review process in scientific research?
Expert critical analysis of research article prior to its publication-- performed anonymously
In which of the following formats is it illegal to convey fraudulent (and/or unsupported) nutrition information?
Information on a dietary supplement's product's label
Which of the following foods are most common in the Western-type (Standard American) diet?
processed meats and refined grains
What foods are good sources of fiber?
wheat bread, fruit, beans, vegetables
Common influences of food choice:
personal preference, habit, ethnic heritage or tradition, social interactions, availability convenience economy, postive negative associations, emotions, values, body weight and image, nutrition and health benefits
Unprocessed or minimally processed foods
fresh eggs, bag frozen broccoli, milk, rice, dried fruit, fresh fruit
Processed culinary ingredients
olive oil, honey, maple syrup, butter, flour
canned beans, salted nuts and seeds, cheese, canned tuna, uncooked pasta
fast food, chicken nuggets, canned ravioli, frozen dinner, soft drinks, canned soup, imitation pancake syrup, ramen noodles
True or false
You cannot our-exercise a bad diet
a non athlete who weighs 73kg needs to consume __ grams of protein per day?
picture on slide
True or False
When someone starts lifting weights and exercising, they need to increase their protein intakee to ensure muscle building
if you're weight lifting, you're burining primarily __ as your fuel source
In what circumstances is protein used from energy rather than for tissue maintenance and repait?
when overall energy is inadequate
when excessive protein is consumed
Symptoms of Irritable Bowel syndrome include
abdominal pain, bloating, discomfort, constipation, and/or diarrhea
True or False
The cause of IBS is well-understood and the condition is easily treatable
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