Classfication Unit- Chapter 17 Intro to the 6 kingdoms
the grouping of objects or information based on similarities
the branch of biology concerned with the grouping and naming of organisms
laid the foundation for the modern system of classification that we still use today
a system for giving each organisms a two word scientific name
evolutionary history of a species
language of scientific names
a list of characteristics organized so that an organism can be identfied
What group of taxa is the broadest?
What is the most specific group of taxa?
List the 7 taxa in order (starting with the most general)
a series of categories that organisms are grouped into are called _____.
a tree-like relationship-diagram
What is the correct way to write the scientific name of humans using binomial nomenclature?
Homo sapiens (need to be in italics)
What is a limitation of the Linnaean classification system?
it is based on physical characteristics alone; doesn't account for DNA
What are the advantages of scientific names over common names?
unique/specific and universal
Cladistics is a classification system based on _____.
What is the strongest evidence that two species are related?
Cladograms are constructed by identifying _____.
What is a clade?
any group of species that has descended from a common ancestor
What is a node?
where a branch of cladogram splits off
What is a derived character?
shared traits within a species
Linnaeaus' classification system is based on what?
Kingdom Bacteria and Kingdom Archaea use to be in one kingdom called __________.
What are the 3 domains accepted my most scientist?
How do fungus get energy?
Archeae can be found where?
What are the six kingdoms we have today?
What is the most abundant group of organisms on Earth?
Domains Bacteria and Archaea both have what type of cells?
Organisms with a true nucleus would be put in domain ___.
What kingdoms are included in the domain Eukarya?
Protista, Fungi, Plant, and Animal