25 terms

Parts of Letterforms

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Apex
The peak of the triangle of an uppercase A
Arm
A projecting horizontal stroke that is unattached on one or both ends, as in the letters T and E
Ascender
A stroke on a lowercase letter that rises above the meanline.
Bowl
A curved stroke enclosing the counterform of a letter. An exception is the bottom form of the lowercase roman g, which is called a loop.
Counter
The negative space that is fully or partially enclosed by a letterform.
Crossbar
The horizontal stroke connecting two sides of the letterform (as in e, A, and H) or bisecting the main stroke (as in f and t).
Descender
A stroke on a lowercase letterform that falls below the baseline.
Ear
A small stroke that projects from the upper right side of the bowl of the lowercase roman g.
Eye
The enclosed part of the lowercase e.
Fillet (or bracket)
The contoured edge that connects the serif and stem in bracketed serifs. (Bracketed serifs are connected to the main stroke by this curved edge: unbracketed serifs connect to the main stroke with an abrupt angle without this contoured transition.)
Hairline
The thinnest strokes within a typeface which has strokes of varying weights.
Leg
The lower diagonal stroke on the letter k.
Link
The stroke that connects the bowl and the loop of a lowercase roman g.
Loop
The bottom form of the lowercase roman g.
Serifs
Short strokes that extend from and at an angle to the upper and lower ends of the major strokes of a letterform.
Shoulder
A curved stroke projecting from a stem.
Spur
A projection--smaller than a serif--that reinforces the point at the end of a curved stroke, as in the letter G.
Stem
A major vertical or diagonal stroke in the letterform
Stroke
Any of the linear elements within a letterform: originally, any mark or dash made by the movement of a pen or brush in writing.
Tail
A diagonal stroke or loop at the end of a letter, as in R, y or j.
Terminal
The end of any stroke that does not terminate with a serif.
Baseline
An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital rests.
Capline
An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the capital letters.
Meanline
An imaginary line that establishes the height of the body of lowercase letters.
x-height
The distance from the baseline to the meanline. Typically, this is the height of lowercase letters and is most easily measured by on the lowercase x.