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Film Interpretation Exam 1
Terms in this set (47)
A trip to the moon
George Melies 1902
The Great Train Robbery
Edwin Porter 1903
F.W. Murnau 1922
Orson Welles 1941
Quentin Tarantino 1994
Alexander Payne 1999
Still images that make up film, 16 frames per second in the early stages of film, 24 frames per second now
How motion pictures work on the human mind
The Phi Phenomenom which is the tendency for the brain to fill in gaps allows for Apparent Motion which is what makes motion pictures successful, it plays tricks on our eyes, see smooth motion. Persistence of vision is that we as humans have a light disconnect between cognitive vision on cognition.
First publicly exhibited in 1895. Prior to this, serial photography helped to bridge 19th century photography to cinema. The US, England, and France were at the head of film technology, with Thomas Edison heading American film productions through his New Jersey studios.
3 parts of the film industry
Production, Distribution, Exhibition
Parts of film production
1. Preproduction—acquiring funding for production, developing the idea for a film; casting; location scouting; script development, etc.
2. Production—The filmmaker creates images in the form of SHOTS. A SHOT is a series of frames produced by the camera in an uninterrupted operation. The filmmaker also records sounds, consisting of dialogue, noises or music.
3. Postproduction—The images and sounds are combined in their final form. This involves cutting picture and sound, executing special effects, adding music or extra dialogue, and adding titles.
A chain of events in cause-effect relationship occurring in time and space
The set of all events in a narrative, both the ones explicitly presented and those the viewers infer.
The total world of the story
Everything visibly and audibly present in the film before us, in order on the screen.
IN MEDIAS RES
Film always begins "in medias res" it means "in the midst of things". It allows us as viewers to receive exposition or background.
Elements like the credits or music that are not experienced by the world of film.
Story vs plot
The viewer creates the story out of the plot.
Plot: The explicit, on screen explanation.
Story: The world of the story through Diegesis. The plot is how we come to know the story.
The visible space within the frame. generally more of the films story takes place in off-screen space.
The portion of the plot that lays out story events and character traits important in the opening situation.
The first quarter or so of a film's plot.
Three Act Structure
Conflict, Climax, Resolution
The plot's way of distributing story information in order to achieve specific effects.
A character usually who purports to be telling us the story. These can be unreliable, for example-Cabinet of Dr. Caligari and Citizen Kane
Different types of films, westerns, horror, drama, comedy, documentary, mystery--that contain similar narrative characteristics, conventions, and styles.
Is french for "putting into the scene". Everything placed in each frame of the film.
Provides visual information about the action.
Sets a mood for a scene or for the entire film.
Gives clues to character
Elements of mise en scene
Setting, Lighting, Costume, Behavior of the Figures- Body language and BLOCKING.
--Mise en scene creates the environment of the film. Each film is like its own ecosystem and the mise en scene dictates the members of that ecosystem. Whether it is an actor, a hairbrush, a window, or a color. Mise en scene need not be realistic as we thing of realism. Sometimes the world of film is meant to replicate a dream state or a fantasy, not necessarily the world with which we're familiar.
(Property) are another important part of the setting.
A visual theme.
Conveys character through visual information; styles, class, attitudes.
Originally necessary in film because actors' faces would not show up well on film. Now used to cover blemishes, wrinkles, sagging etc.
Determines a large part of a shot's composition
Classic Hollywood 3-point lighting system
Primary source of light, from behind the cameras, shining up or down, or level onto actors in front of the camera
Side lighting that fills in the scene to minimize shadows
Accentuates bodily form; articulates the silhouettes of the bodies, makes their shape and frame more pronounced
Horror, mystery, film noir. Lots of key light; not much fill light. Extreme contrast; shadows
Italian for the use of deeply contrasting dark and light spaces in the frame. An art history term originally used in cinema now
Comedies, action/adventure; equal parts key and fill light. Little contrast; minimal shadows
Extreme long shot
See all of the character far away
See characters head to toe
Medium close up
Extreme close up
Eye, hand, nose, ect.
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