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22 terms

8 - Inequalities of race and ethnicity

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assimilation
the process whereby a minority group is absorbed into the mainstream culture
authoritarian personality
Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors
compartmentalize
to separate acts from feelings or attitudes
discrimination
an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or a group
dominant group
the group with the most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status
dual labour market
workers split along racial, ethnic, gender, age, or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers
ethnic (and ethnicity)
having distinctive cultural characteristics
genocide
the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people based on their presumed race or ethnicity (p
individual discrimination
the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics
institutional discrimination
negative treatment of a minority group that is built into a society's institutions; also called systemic discrimination
internal colonialism
the policy of economically exploiting minority groups
minority group
a group discriminated against on the basis of its members' physical or cultural characteristics
multiculturalism
a philosophy or political policy that permits or encourages ethnic variation
population transfer
involuntary movement of a minority group
postcolonialism
the theory concerned with how to understand the cultural products (print and visual media, literature, the arts, and, of course, language) coming from societies that were once colonies of Europe.
prejudice
an attitude of prejudging, usually in a negative way
race
inherited physical characteristics that distinguish one group from another
racism
prejudice and discrimination on the basis of race
reserve labour force
he unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of as being "in reserve"-capitalists take them "out of reserve" (put them back to work) during times of high production and then lay them off (put them back in reserve) when they are no longer needed
scapegoat
an individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles
segregation
the policy of keeping racial or ethnic groups apart
selective perception
seeing certain features of an object or situation, but remaining blind to others