20 terms

Vocab Unit 9

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Terms in this set (...)

abate
(v.) to make less in amount, degree, etc. ; to subside, become less; to nullify; to deduct, omit

We stood on the dock on that moonless night, waiting for the storm to ___________________.

syn: diminish, decrease, subside, let up
ant: intensify, increase, magnify, wax
adulation
(n.) praise or flattery that is excessive

Athletes have little choice but to enjoy the sometimes puzzling _________________ of their fans.

syn: adoration, idolization, hero-worship
ant: ridicule, derision, scorn, odium
anathema
(n.) an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectively without the article)

The author's views on bringing up children are __________________ to my dad but a delight to my mother.

syn: malediction, imprecation, abomination
ant: benediction, blessing
astute
(adj.) shrewd, crafty, showing particular wisdom

The ___________________ management of money is a valuable skill but may not by itself make a good executive.

syn: shrewd, acute, sagacious, judicious, wily
ant: obtuse, doltish, empty-headed, dumb
avarice
(n.) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth

Her career exhibited both the miser's ever-growing __________________ and the miser's diminishing charm.

syn: cupidity, rapacity, acquisitiveness
culpable
(adj.) deserving blame, worthy of condemnation

It was the inspectors' ___________________ neglect of duty that left such old buses in service.

syn: guilty, delinquent, peccant, blameworthy
ant: blameless, innocent, laudable, meritorious
dilatory
(adj.) tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt, intended to delay or postpone

She hired an assistant because, on her own, she was always _______________ in paying her bills.

syn: stalling, slow, tardy, laggard
ant: prompt, punctual, speedy, expeditious
egregious
(adj.) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)

Whoever allowed that man on a stage is guilty of an ________________ blunder.

syn: glaring, flagrant, blatant
ant: unnoticeable, paltry, piddling
equivocate
(v.) to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambiguous

I won't soon give my vote to a candidate who shows such a marked tendency to __________________.

syn: to talk out of both sides of one's mouth, palter, hedge
ant: to speak one's mind plainly
evanescent
(adj.) vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy

Looking back, I see that the magic of that summer was _________________.

syn: ephemeral, transient, transitory
ant: everlasting, immortal, imperishable
irresolute
(adj.) unable to make up one's mind, hesitating

In Hamlet, the prince is _________________ about whether to obey his father's ghost or to go on as if nothing has happened.

syn: indecisive, vacillating, wavering
ant: determined, decisive, unwavering
nebulous
(adj.) cloudlike, resembling a cloud; cloudy in color, not transparent; vague, confused, indistinct

By the time everyone present had expressed an opinion, the original idea had become somewhat ____________________.

syn: hazy, fuzzy, cloudy, vague, murky, opaque, indeterminate
ant: definite, distinct, clear, sharply focused
novice
(n.) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectively)

You must be patient and realize that all his mistakes are typical of a _______________ in this line of work.

syn: neophyte, tyro, trainee, apprentice
ant: veteran, past master, pro, expert
penury
(n.) extreme poverty; barrenness, insufficiency

We never seem to tire of stories of people who go from __________________ to sudden wealth.

syn: destitution, want, indigence
ant: affluence, abundance, luxury, opulence
pretentious
(adj.) done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably; making demands on one's skill or abilities, ambitious

Talking about one's wealth is thought to be ___________________ and in poor taste.

syn: inflated, ostentatious, affected
ant: unassuming, unaffected, modest
recapitulate
(v.) to review a series of facts; to sum up

Don't bother to __________________ the plot of the book; instead, tell me if you liked it.

syn: review, summarize, sum up, go over
resuscitate
(v.) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence

We need someone who can ___________________ our neighborhood council and thus perk up the community spirit.

syn: revitalize, reanimate, restore, reactivate
slovenly
(adj.) untidy, dirty, careless

Her room was in a _______________ state and it took her an entire Saturday to clean it.

syn: unkempt, slatternly, slipshod, lax
ant: neat, tidy, careful, meticulous
supposition
(n.) something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence

Guided by a __________________ that turned out to be false, they made some disastrous decisions.

syn: assumption, presumption, hypothesis
torpid
(adj.) inactive, sluggish, dull

We all felt ________________ after that long, dull lecture.

syn: sluggish, lethargic, otiose, languid
ant: energetic, dynamic, vigorous