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Terms in this set (43)

p. 240
-Edmund Spenser wrote Amoretti about his courtship with Elizabeth Boyle and their eventual wedding in June of 1594.
-Spenser follows the Petrarchan style; however, one notable difference is that the women that Petrarch writes about are unavailable to him while Spenser wrote about a woman that he actually could have and did have
-Spenser is telling his poem that it will be so happy when his beloved's hands hold its pages in her Lilly white hands.
-Like other Petrarchan heroines, Spenser's beloved holds all of the power; she could kill him (metaphorically speaking) by rejecting his poem, which would be like rejecting his love. His soul would die without his beloved's love.
-She holds his poem and heart in "loves soft bands" (bonds- something that binds or restrains). Her hands could kill him ("dead doing might") or give him life. The poem and his heart trembles with the anticipation of her love

- what are the three things he addresses? lines, leaves, and rhymes
-what does he hope their combined effect will have on the lady? it will please her

ACTUAL SONNET
Happy ye leaves when as those lily hands,
Which hold my life in their dead doing might,
Shall handle you and hold in loves soft bands,
Like captives trembling at the victors sight.

And happy lines, on which with starry light,
Those lamping eyes will deign sometimes to look
And read the sorrows of my dying spright,
Written with tears in harts close bleeding book.

And happy rhymes bath'd in the sacred brooke
Of Helicon whence she is derived is,
When ye behold that Angels blessed look,
My souls long lacked food, my heavens bliss.

Leaves, lines, and rhymes, seek her to please alone,
Whom if ye please, I care for other none.
-p. 436
-john donne
-he is not leaving her because he loves someone else, he has an obligation to go
-he feels like leaving her is like him dying (over dramatic)
-not actually dying, but everyone dies at some point
-uses imagery of the sun (comes up every morning, leaves every night, but always returns), he will be faster than the sun, and as reliable as the sun
-tells her not to cry or sigh because it hurts him too

ACTUAL POEM
Sweetest love, I do not go,
For weariness of thee,
Nor in hope the world can show
A fitter love for me;
But since that I
Must die at last, 'tis best
To use myself in jest
Thus by feign'd deaths to die.

Yesternight the sun went hence,
And yet is here today;
He hath no desire nor sense,
Nor half so short a way:
Then fear not me,
But believe that I shall make
Speedier journeys, since I take
More wings and spurs than he.

O how feeble is man's power,
That if good fortune fall,
Cannot add another hour,
Nor a lost hour recall!
But come bad chance,
And we join to'it our strength,
And we teach it art and length,
Itself o'er us to'advance.

When thou sigh'st, thou sigh'st not wind,
But sigh'st my soul away;
When thou weep'st, unkindly kind,
My life's blood doth decay.
It cannot be
That thou lov'st me, as thou say'st,
If in thine my life thou waste,
That art the best of me.

Let not thy divining heart
Forethink me any ill;
Destiny may take thy part,
And may thy fears fulfil;
But think that we
Are but turn'd aside to sleep;
They who one another keep
Alive, ne'er parted be.
-john donne
-he is telling his lady friend not to be sad even though he is leaving
-uses imagery
-uses math (the compass) to describe his love
-the two legs of the compass are always connected even when they are far apart
-the legs always come back together
-circle imagery
-no end to a circle no end to their love
-gold imagery
-when you flatten gold to a very very thin little sheet it is still gold just like love with always be love no matter how far apart ACTUAL POEM As virtuous men pass mildly away,
And whisper to their souls to go,
Whilst some of their sad friends do say
The breath goes now, and some say, No:

So let us melt, and make no noise,
No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move;
'Twere profanation of our joys
To tell the laity our love.

Moving of th' earth brings harms and fears,
Men reckon what it did, and meant;
But trepidation of the spheres,
Though greater far, is innocent.

Dull sublunary lovers' love
(Whose soul is sense) cannot admit
Absence, because it doth remove
Those things which elemented it.

But we by a love so much refined,
That our selves know not what it is,
Inter-assured of the mind,
Care less, eyes, lips, and hands to miss.

Our two souls therefore, which are one,
Though I must go, endure not yet
A breach, but an expansion,
Like gold to airy thinness beat.

If they be two, they are two so
As stiff twin compasses are two;
Thy soul, the fixed foot, makes no show
To move, but doth, if the other do.

And though it in the center sit,
Yet when the other far doth roam,
It leans and hearkens after it,
And grows erect, as that comes home.

Such wilt thou be to me, who must,
Like th' other foot, obliquely run;
Thy firmness makes my circle just,
And makes me end where I begun.
1.Why, according to Donne's poem, should Death not be proud? Offer a line(s) as evidence.
Death will also die, it's not as might as it seems (line 14)

2. What literary device does Donne use throughout the poem in addressing Death? Provide a line(s) as evidence.
personification-he makes death a human. ex: "mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so" (line 2)

Direct address talking directly to death

3. According to the poem, what does Death resemble?
it resembles a slave "thou art slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men" death doesn't choose when people die

4. How is Death a "slave"?
it is a slave to humanity it how each person dies (by sickness, kings, desperate men, chance, fate, poison, and war) death should not think so highly of itself because it cannot work alone

5. "Death, thou shalt die." This is an example of what commonly used literary device? (Consider our notes on metaphysical poetry).
paradox, when you first read it you are confused like how can death die, its death! how can death die? maybe after you die you defeat death by reaching eternal life, or Jesus Christ sacrificing his life therefore defeating death

6.What truth does this line reveal/what does it mean?
death isn't the end of the world, you can live an eternal life afterwards in your afterlife
Diminishing death by saying death is peaceful like sleep it renews you, you look forward to sleep so death isn't as big of a deal

ACTUAL POEM
Death, be not proud, though some have called thee
Mighty and dreadful, for thou are not so;
For those whom thou think'st thou dost overthrow
Die not, poor Death, nor yet canst thou kill me.
From rest and sleep, which but thy pictures be,
Much pleasure; then from thee much more must flow,
And soonest our best men with thee do go,
Rest of their bones, and soul's delivery.
Thou'art slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men,
And dost with poison, war, and sickness dwell,
And poppy'or charms can make us sleep as well
And better than thy stroke; why swell'st thou then?
One short sleep past, we wake eternally,
And death shall be no more; Death, thou shalt die.
p. 436-444
-john donne
-1. the bell is representing like a reminder, ultimately signal that everyone will die and your death will affect everyone else's lives

2. Done points out that a very sick individual may be too sick to realize that the bell is tolling for him. He concludes that "perchance I may think myself so much beter than I am. . . they who are about me may have caused it to me toll for me, and I know not"; What does he mean by this?
it means that the bell is reminding the sick man of his upcoming death, the second part is talking about how each time someone he knows dies he dies a little too, so his death is coming also

3. Why does John Donne say he should be concerned about each childs baptism and each parishioners funeral in the church? Why does it affect him even if he doesnt know the child or the deceased parishioner?because every life affects him, even the person was just born or just died

4. translators are the means of death, bringing a person to the afterlife

5. no man can live completely on his own, every person is connected to someone else in some way

6. Why does Donne say Europe should be concerned if a single clod of land is washed away into the sea? How does that correspond to the way humanity should
be concerned if a single person dies?
he is saying that anything anyone else does affects him and his life, so if a single clod of land is washed away to sea it will affect him in some way, a loss to one person is a loss to everyone

7. Why does Donne think that "Any mans death diminishes me"?
because every death affects him, any time a person dies a little piece of him dies

8. Why should a person never "send to know" (i.e. ask) for whom a funeral bell is tolling? What is the inevitable answer?
everyone dies, humans are finite, someday the bell will ring for you

9. Explain the conceit about affliction or suffering being like buried gold inside a
mans bowels. How does Donne suggest we can benefit from the suffering of
others?
people try to hide their suffering (like they bury their gold) and we can benefit from it because when you find you find someone's sadness you can empathize with them and get to know him on a deeper level

3 conceits/ extended metaphors

1. body: the body, humanity is a body, the church is the body, jesus is the head

2. book: humanity is the author, all the same book, each person is a chapter, heaven is the library

3. island: no man is an island, we are all a continent, all humanity is interconnected

4th conceit
-treasure: suffering is a treasure, affliction can teach you lessons, strengthen your relationship with God, earn peace and happiness in heaven, suffered from leads to a reward in heaven, cash it in later when you die (paradox: suffering=treasure)

prose from a collection of essays
-2 essential ideas that are representative of renaissance era in which it was written
-2 main themes: 1. people are not isolated- mankind (human kind) is interconnected; one persons death diminishes all mankind 2. awareness of mortality as a natural outgrowth of a time when death was constant companion of life; donne reminds reader that death is not so much to be feared as it would first seem

2 controlling images
1. island-interconnectedness of mankind; no one man (human) can exist on own/cut off from humanity
2. bell-awareness of human mortality; spread of plague in the renaissance made mortality a very real concern but death is not so much to be feared b/c it is a passing to a better life--one to be anticipated
p. 461-462
-andrew marvell
-carpe diem
-if time was not an issues he would love her ten years before the flood (just go back in time and love her), he would take hundreds of years to adore every part of her body (100 yrs for her eyes and forehead and 200 yrs for each breast), 30,000 yrs for the rest, she could reject him millions of time and he would have time to make her love him
-he is supposed to be sincere
-he wants them to love each other while they are young
-theme:"seize the day"-life is short, time is fleeting, enjoy the present moment
-Marvell: uses this theme with a mix of fancy and passionate urgency

ACTUAL POEM
Had we but world enough, and time,
This coyness, Lady, were no crime.
We would sit down and think which way
To walk and pass our long love's day.
Thou by the Indian Ganges' side
Shouldst rubies find: I by the tide
Of Humber would complain. I would
Love you ten years before the Flood,
And you should, if you please, refuse
Till the conversion of the Jews.
My vegetable love should grow
Vaster than empires, and more slow;
An hundred years should go to praise
Thine eyes and on thy forehead gaze;
Two hundred to adore each breast;
But thirty thousand to the rest;
An age at least to every part,
And the last age should show your heart;
For, Lady, you deserve this state,
Nor would I love at lower rate.
But at my back I always hear
Time's wingèd chariot hurrying near;
And yonder all before us lie
Deserts of vast eternity.
Thy beauty shall no more be found,
Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound
My echoing song: then worms shall try
That long preserved virginity,
And your quaint honour turn to dust,
And into ashes all my lust:
The grave's a fine and private place,
But none, I think, do there embrace.
Now therefore, while the youthful hue
Sits on thy skin like morning dew,
And while thy willing soul transpires
At every pore with instant fires,
Now let us sport us while we may,
And now, like amorous birds of prey,
Rather at once our time devour
Than languish in his slow-chapt power.
Let us roll all our strength and all
Our sweetness up into one ball,
And tear our pleasures with rough strife
Thorough the iron gates of life:
Thus, though we cannot make our sun
Stand still, yet we will make him run.