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30 terms

Chapter 18 The Progressive Era

On test with: Chapter 16-The Gilded Age (1877-1896) Chapter 17-America Expands (1850-1900) Chapter 18-The Progressive Era (1900-1920) :)
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Hepburn Act
This 1906 law used the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate the maximum charge that railroads to place on shipping goods.
Pure Food and Drug Act
Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA.
Conservation
the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources - National Parks System. First of these were Yellowstone & Yosemite
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914) Teddy's big project.
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force (AKA policeman of Latin America)
William Taft
(1908-1913), was endorsed by Roosevelt because he pledged to carry on progressive program, then he didn't appoint any Progressives to the Cabinet and actively pursued anti-trust law suits. ran for re-election in 1912 but lost to Wilson. (Republican, Chief Justice)
Dollar Diplomacy
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Woodrow Wilson
28th U.S. President. 1913-1921. Democratic
Underwood Tariff
Pushed through Congress by Woodrow Wilson, this 1913 tariff reduced average tariff duties by almost 15% and established a graduated income tax
16th Amendment
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income. Increased revenue.
Federal Reserve Act
a 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply. Regulates currency-creates bank notes.
Clayton Antitrust Act
Corrected the problems of the Sherman Antitrust Act; outlawed certain practices that restricted competition; unions on strike could no longer be considered violating the antitrust acts
Federal Trade Commission Act
A committee formed to investigate industries engaging in interstate commerce. It was created to stop unfair trade practices and to regulate and crush monopolies. (regulate business practices)
17th Amendment
established the direct election of senators
18th Amendment
prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
19th Amendment
gave women the right to vote
Secret ballot
Anonymous voting method that helps to make elections fair and honest
Direct primaries
an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
Initiative
Petitions from the public to bring legislation up for consideration
Referendum
procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature
Recall
can vote people out of office
Elisha Otis
developed a safety elevator that would not fall if the lifting rope broke
Henry Ford
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Wright Brothers
Orville Wright credited with the design and construction of the first practical airplane. They made the first controllable, powered heavier-than-air flight along with many other aviation milestones, also showing the beginning of the individual progressive spirit.
Muckraking
The practice of journalists to expose the inappropriate actions of public officials, government organizations, or corporations. Jacob Reese & Lewis Hine (Hine worked most to expose child labor)
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People -W.E.B du Bois
Charles Westinghouse & Nikola Tesla
Harnessing electricity and using circuits
Samuel Morse
United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)
Isaac Singer
made improvements on Howe's sewing machine, as it was soon being used in the manufacture of ready-to-wear.
Cyrus Field
in 1866, he laid a transatlantic telegraph cable to Europe, one of the most important innovations in communications.