History Week 18-20

Alfred Nobel
Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833-1896)
Andrew Carnegie
United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)
unreasoning and boastful devotion to one's country or sex.
Bismarcks system
German system of alliances created by Bismarck to prevent French attack and maintain a balance of power established in 1873
Three Emperors League
The 1873 alliance between Germany, Austria, and Russia.
Dual Alliance
created by Bismarck; contained Austria-Hungary and Germany when Russia left the alliance preceding the Congress of Berlin
Triple Alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
Reinsurance Treaty
agreement between Germany and Russia that stipulated that each power would maintain neutrality should the other find itself at war.
Wilhelm II
The leader of Germany during WWI who was stubborn and was eager to show the rest of the world how powerful Germany had become.
Entente Cordiale
Friendly understanding.
Triple entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
June 28, 1914
Start of World War I
Francis Ferdinand
Heir of Austria-Hungary thrown. assassinated while visiting Bosnia
A list of demands with threats.
Make ready
Central powers
countries made up _________ ___________. Germany and Austria-Hungary and opposing them Russia, Serbia, and France
Schlieffen plan
Plan named after German General to attack France first in hope that it would take Russia longer to organize for war.
Paul von Hindenburg
German general lead Germany to a victory over Russia, which caused Russia to fear Germany.

Blimp named after him.
Long slender airships similar to modern blimps
Red Baron
Baron Manfred Ritchthofen best German piolet.
Aka Unterseeboot. submarines used by Germans in sea battle.
British liner travel boat. Sunk by German submarine.
Total war
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort.
Nicholas II
Russian leader over thrown by revolution changing Russia to a communist country.
Treaty of brest-litovsk
Communist Russian leader signed a peace tracy with Germany in 1918.
Woodrow Wilson
American president "The United States must be neutral in fact as well as name." later called for declaration of war against Germany.
John J. Pershing
aka "Black Jack" commander of AEF(American Expeditionary Force)
Alvin York
American sergeant won Medal of Honor.
Ferdinand Foch
French general stopped the German advance and pushed Germans out of France.
November 11, 1918
Ending of World War I.
A situation when both sides were at a stand still.
Were both sides try to wear each other down gradually.
Paris Peace Conference
seventy delegates from thirty-two nations came to negotiate a peace settlement for World War I.
Georges Clemenceau
French Premier
David Lloyd George
British Prime minister
Vittotio Orlando
Italian Prime minister.
Fourteen Points
A settlement that would not seek revenge on the defeated powers.
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty between the allies of Germany. signed in 1919
Payment for war damages.
War Guilt Clause
Placed in tire blame of war on Germany and allies.
Treaty of St. Germain
Austria's treaty which gave territory to Italy and recognized the independence of Czechoslovakia.
Political unification.
Treaty of Sevres
Dismantled Ottoman Empire
Former German colonies called this.
League of Nations
A international comity that could discuss differences to prevent war.
Charles Dawes
Banker who helped Germany return to financial stability.
Owen Young
American lawyer reduced Germanys amount of reparations and allowed Germany a longer time to pay them off.
War Debts
Britian and France could not pay off their ___ ______
Locarno Pact
Hold the promise of peace in Europe.
Creating a limit of weapons., the reduction of armed forces and weapons
Washington Naval Conference
Limited the number of war ships each country could build.
April 6, 1917
USA enters World War I
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
Unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters