Why did the colonists want their independence from England?
By around 1750, the colonists and the English king, King George III, disagreed about how the colonies in North America should be governed.
How did Britian's government think that North American colonies should be ruled? (2 parts)
• They were in charge of (or had legal authority over) the colonies
• They could tax the colonists to pay for debts from the French and Indian War (ended 1763)
How did Colonists believe that they should be governed? (2 parts)
• They could make their own laws (with local assembles)
• They should not be taxed without representation in Parliament
Patriots (what side did they take?)
Colonists who fought for America's independence against British rule (a.k.a. rebels)
Neutrals (what side did they take?)
Colonists who did not take a side with either the British or Patriots (initially 1/3 of the colonists)
Loyalists (what side did they take?)
Colonists who were loyal to the British government and the King's rule (a.k.a. Tories)
What was the Declaration of Independence?
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen colonies to no longer be a part of Great Britain, but the United States of America, signed on July 4, 1776.
What were 3 declarations in the Declaration of Independence?
1. The authority to govern belongs to the people rather that the kings
2. All people are created equal
3. All people have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
What was the Continental Army?
The American army of the Patriots during the American Revolution; George Washington was its commander-in-chief.
What were George Washington's contributions to the Revolution? (2 parts)
• He provided military leadership
• He served as commander-in-chief to the Continental Army
What were Patrick Henry's contributions to the Revolution? (2 parts)
• He inspired Patriots from other colonies
• He spoke out against taxation without representation by saying "Give me liberty or give me death."
What were Thomas Jefferson's contributions to the Revolution? (2 parts)
• He provided political leadership
• He expressed the reasons for colonial independence from Great Britain in the Declaration of Independence
List three facts about The Battle of Yorktown:
1. The British Army surrendered in Yorktown
2. Their surrender led to the end of the Revolutionary War
3. It was America's victory
What does the statement "No Taxation Without Representation" mean?
It reflected the colonists' belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament.
Sons of Liberty
Colonists who protested the actions of the British leaders, Samuel Adams created this group who led the Boston Tea Party
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
"taxation without representation"
The colonists were angry because they had to pay taxes to England but they did not get to have a representative in the English Parliament.
A law passed by the British Parliament requiring colonists to pay a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and even playing cards.
Boston Tea Party
In response to the Tea Act, (which said colonists could only buy tea from one company) colonists dressed like Indians, raided 3 British ships in the Boston harbor and destroyed/dumped the tea.
American silversmith who became a hero after his famous ride to warn of the British advance on Lexington and Concord. 1 of 3 riders.
Battle of Saratoga
after this battle foreign nations allied with the colonists against the British; turning point of the American Revolution
Marquis de Lafayette
French noble who joined the Americans after reading the Declaration of Independence; aide to Washington
Treaty of Paris
officially ended the American Revolution; Britain decides the war is too costly to continue
What was the Boston Massacre?
A mob of colonists began to harass and throw snowballs, ice, and pieces of wood at British troops. One of the guards was hit with a stick and someone shouted "Fire!", The troops shot and killed 5 colonists in response.
What were the Townshend Acts?
Acts which placed duties/taxes on glass, lead, paper, paints, and tea; often these taxes were hidden in an effort to fool the colonists.
Who was Patrick Henry?
A colonial leader from Virginia who made the famous speech stating, "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" He also urged all Americans to unite to fight against the British, stating, "I am not a Virginian, but an American".
What is Thomas Jefferson most remembered for?
He was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence.
What is George Washington most remembered for?
He was the Commander of the American Army in the Revolutionary War.
Why was the battle of Saratoga a major turning point?
The Patriots finally felt confident they could win the war and they gained support from France & Spain
Why did the English Parliment impose taxes on the Colonist such as the Stamp Act and the Tea act?
They needed to raise money because the French and Indian war cost so much.
What did Benjamin Franklin contribute to the American Revolution?
He urged the French to assist the colonies.