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After receiving an unexpected A on his psychology test, Jordan was easily persuaded to baby-sit his little sister while his parents went out for dinner. This best illustrates the
feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
43)Which of the following best illustrates the concept of relative deprivation?
Margie was happy with her salary until she heard that her co-worker was making more for the same job.
44) Enjoying your second piece of pie less than your first illustrates
the diminishing returns phenomenon.
45) During the last four decades, the buying power of Americans has ________ and their self-reported personal happiness has ________.
increased; remained almost unchanged
46)The adaptation-level phenomenon refers to the tendency for our judgments of objects and events to be heavily influenced by our
47) Which of the following best explains why both million-dollar lottery winners and paraplegics report similar levels of happiness?
the adaptation-level phenomenon
48)A disturbing implication of the adaptation-level phenomenon is that
seeking happiness through financial security requires ever-increasing wealth.
49)You were happy with your grade of B on the psychology test until you learned that almost everyone else in the class received an A. This illustrates that happiness is influenced by
50)Research suggests that people experience the most happiness when they are
absorbed in challenging activities.
51)One way for people to improve their own satisfaction with life is to
participate in regular aerobic exercise.
52)A general sense of happiness or life satisfaction is most unrelated to whether people
are well educated.
53)The subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to the prevention and treatment of illness is known as
54)The university's psychology department and school of medicine are cosponsoring a new professional program that applies behavioral and medical knowledge to health and disease. They are clearly offering a new degree in
55)While taking a difficult test, Cindy's muscles tense and her heart pounds. These physiological responses are
59)After Georgiana learns that a tornado has destroyed her house, her brain probably directed the outer part of her adrenal glands to react by
60)During which phase of the general adaptation syndrome are organisms best able to physically cope with stress?
61)Margo never enjoys spring break because at the end of every finals week she catches a bad cold. Margo is most likely in which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?
Hypertension rates are highest in those European countries where people report the lowest
satisfaction with life
64)Who is the best example of a Type A personality?
Philip, a competitive, hot-tempered corporation president
66)Who is the best example of a Type B personality?
Mauriucca, a relaxed, understanding social worker
67)Who would be MOST susceptible to heart disease?
Marvin, an impatient lawyer who often becomes irritated with family and friends over insignificant matters
68)Heart disease and depression may both result when chronic stress triggers
69)The study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes combine to affect our immune system and health is called
70)The white blood cells that fight bacterial infections and attack cancer cells and viruses are called
73)By attacking the body's own tissues, an overly reactive immune system is most likely to cause
76)Stress is most likely to speed the progression from HIV to AIDS by
inhibiting the production of lymphocytes.
77)When experimenters implanted tumor cells into rodents, those exposed to ________ were more prone to cancer.
78)Despite the very stressful events in his life, Mark has been able to maintain good health. This is because of his persistent optimism and the emotional support of his family. An integrated understanding of Mark's well-being is most clearly provided by
a biopsychosocial approach
79)The James-Lange theory of emotion states that
to experience emotion is to be aware of our physiological responses to an emotion-arousing event.
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