Medication that reduces pain and fever without the side effects of NSAIDs.
the Chinese practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain (restore the flow of qi)
adverse drug reaction
also known as a side effect, an undesirable reaction that accompanies the principal response for which the drug was taken.
The presence of the protein albumin in the urine that is a sign of impaired kidney function.
Surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis.
Listening through a stethoscope for respiratory, heart, and abdominal sounds within the body.
basic metabolic profile
Group of 8 specific blood tests that provide important information about the current status of the patient's kidneys, electrolyte balance, blood sugar and calcium levels
also known as a CHEM7 or CHEM8. Tests creatinine, CO2, chloride, glucose, potassium, sodium, BUN (and maybe calcium)
blood urea nitrogen/BUN
blood test to determine the level of urea in the blood (by-product of protein metabolism); a high level indicates the inability of one or both kidneys to excrete urea
An abnormal intermittent musical sound heard in auscultation of a vein or artery; usually due to a partially blocked, narrowed or diseased artery.
complete blood cell count/CBC
A series of blood tests performed as a group to evaluate several blood conditions.
patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional
Uses x-radiation with computer assistance to produce multiple CROSS-SECTIONAL views of the body
a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised
a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study to structure and motions of the heart
A fiber optic instrument used for endoscopy and named for the body parts involved.
The visual examination of the interior of a body cavity or organ by means of an endoscope.
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (eh-RITH-roh-site)/ ESR
A blood test based on the rate at which the red blood cells separate from the plasma and settle to the bottom of the container; also known as a sed rate.
Elevated rate indicates the presence of inflammation in the body
An imaging technique used to visualize body parts in motion by projecting x-ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen.
A blood test that measures the PERCENTAGE by volume of packed red blood cells in a whole blood sample.
This test is used to diagnose abnormal states of hydration, polycythemia (excess red blood cells) and anemia (deficient red blood cells)
A blood test that measures the amount of hemoglobin found in whole blood.
Elevated levels indicate polycythemia or dehydration.
Low levels indicate anemia, recent hemorrhage, or fluid retention.
use of the radiographic imaging to guide a procedure such as a biopsy. Also to guide placement of an inserted object such as a stent or feeding tube
The administration of medication by injection into the middle layers of the skin.
The administration of medication by injection directly into muscle tissue.
The visual examination of the interior of the abdomen with the use of a laparoscope.
lithotomy position (lih-THOT-oh-mee)
An examination position in which the patient is supine with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups
magnetic resonance angiography/ MRA
A specialized MRI study using a contrast medium to locate problems with blood vessels throughout the body
magnetic resonance imaging/ MRI
An imaging technique that uses a combination of radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create signals that are sent to a computer and converted into images of any plane through the body
The visual examination of the fundus of the eye with ophthalmoscope; also known as funduscopy.
An instrument used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane.
A substance that eases the pain or severity of a disease but does not cure it.
parenteral administration (pah-REN-ter-al)
The administration of medication by injection through a hypodermic syringe.
A diagnostic procedure to determine the density of a body area that uses the sound produced by tapping the surface with the finger or an instrument.
A surgical puncture to draw fluid from the pericardial sac for diagnostic purposes or to relieve pressure on the heart.
The puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood; also known as venipuncture.
A substance containing no active ingredients that is given for its suggestive effects.
positron emission tomography/PET
An imaging technique that combines tomography with
radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas.
A substance that ALLOWS x-rays to pass through and appears BLACK or DARK GRAY on the resulting film
A substance that does not allow x-rays to pass through and appears white or light gray on the resulting film.
red blood cell count
A blood test that is performed to determine the number of erythrocytes in the blood
An added musical sound occurring during breathing that is caused by a partially obstructed airway; also known as wheezing.
examination position in which the client is lying on his or her left side with right knee ﬂexed.
A nuclear imaging technique in which pictures are taken by one to three gamma cameras after a radionuclide tracer has been injected into the blood
An instrument used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity to facilitate inspection of its interior.
An instrument used to listen to sounds within the body and during the measurement of blood pressure.
An abnormal, high-pitched, harsh or crowing sound heard during inspiration that results from a partial blockage of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea.
subcutaneous injection/ SQ or SC
The administration of medication by injection into the fatty layer just below the skin.
The administration of medication through the unbroken skin so that it is absorbed continuously to produce a systemic effect.
transesophageal echocardiography (trans-eh-sof-ah-JEE-al eck-oh-kar-dee-OG-rah-fee) /TEE
An ultrasonic imaging technique that is performed from inside the esophagus to evaluate heart structures.
ultrasonography (ul-trah-son-OG-rah-fee) U/S
The imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of pulses of sound waves above the range of human hearing; also known as ultrasound and diagnostic ultrasound.
urinalysis (you-rih-NAL-ih-sis) U/A, UA
The examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements.