Chapter 10 Vocab & Discussion Questions and 1 other
Terms in this set (56)
How was the Grand Canyon formed?
Erosion and the Colorado River
Why did the Grand Canyon become a National Park?
President Rosevelt wanted to preserve it's beauty.
What are some of the reasons people may want to visit the Grand Canyon?
To see the view as you walk along the canyon's edge, to hike some of the many trails, see/hear about the wildlife, see the Colorado River. (NOT to see gold )
Describe the climate of the SW in one word.
What are some of the different climates of the region?
Dry, humid, arid (climate doesn't support vegetation), hot and windy
What is a desert?
Area that has a dry climate and gets less than 10 inches of rain a year.
How has the saguaro cactus adapted to desert living?
It's long, shallow roots spread to absord the rain water. It's ribbed trunk and branches expand to store additional water. It can store enough water to live through long, dry periods. (NOT) because it has white, night blooming blossoms
How does the saguaro help desert wildlife?
It provides shelter for the animals.
What is a non-renewable resource? Name some found in the SW
Oil and everything that comes from oil
The SW is known for their growing technology industry. What are some technology industries in the SW?
Arizona factories manufacture~ Electronic equipment, aircraft, space vehicles and missiles.
In Texas~ Industries make computers, calculators, radios and electronic equipment.
Oklahoma~ assist the electronic, aviation and space industries
Why is New Mexico an importantant technology hub?
New Mexico Companies make computer chips and computers. Researchers in laboratories study telecommunications and develop military resources. Scientists study nuclear energy.
What is the name given to the world's largest radio observatories?
The Very Large Array
A kind of mud brick
Means "village" in Spanish. It also refers to some Native American groups in the SW
A climate that is dry, but is not a desert climate
A grassy plain with few trees grow, with a hot and seasonally dry climate
A factory that separates crude oil into different groups of chemicals
An oil well that produces a large amount of oil.
Why are the formations in the Grand Canyon always changing?
Erosion takes place all the time
What are the reasons for the canyon's continued erosion?
~gravel and sand
~water from the Colorado River
Which is true about the climate of the SW.
~The entire region gets much snowfall
~The entire region is a desert
~The climate is the same in all areas of the region
~It has a varied climate with different temperatures and precipitation ****
Which of these climates CanNot be found in the SW?
~Hot & Humid
~Humid & Dry
~Dry and Snowy****
An area that gets less than 10 inches of rain a year
Which of these is a nonrenewable resource found in the SW?
What does nonrenewable resouce mean?
It's a resource that cannot be replaced by nature, when it runs out, there is no more.
John Wesley Powell
Explored the Grand Canyon took a boat down the Colorado River. He was the first to call it GRAND canyon
In 1903 visited the Grand Canyon Wanted to preserve it and make it a National Park
MUD BRICK - Native Americans in the southwest used this to make homes.
A FACTORY that SEPERATES crude oil into different groups of chemicals.
means village in Spanish and are descendents of the Anasazi.
is a flat plain on which few trees grow. GRASSY plain with few trees It is hot and seasonally dry. Pines and Juniper trees grow there.
Desert that stretches through Arizona, Mexico,
and Southern California.
Saguaro National Park
In Arizona - The SAGUARO CACTUS grows there.
DRY ,but not desert like
Town where people came to search for OIL and NATURAL gas.
Albuquerque New Mexico
Where military resources and computers, and computer chips are developed.
Los Alamos, New Mexico
Scientists study nuclear energy there. One of the largest RADIO observatories to observe space.
home of the Johnson Space Center
a businessman who thought there might be oil under Spindletop. he saw signs of natural gas there.
a mining engineer who drilled the gusher at Spindletop
oil well that produces a large amount of oil.
A river that helped crave the Grand Canyon
4 Types of Erosions
wind, rainwater, rushing rivers, and glaciers
is a type of erosions that NO LONGER contributes to the changing shape of the Grand Canyon.
3 types of Southwest climates
deserts, Arid, hot and humid (Texas)
area that gets LESS THAN ten inches of rain each year.
Pines & Junipers
are two types of plants that grow in the savanna
grasses, wild grains and reeds are types of plants that grow flat land surrounding rivers.
is an oil well that produces a large amount of oil.
Spindletop drilles the gusher
is considered is nonrenewable and CANNOT be replaced by nature.
5 Oil Products
gasoline, airplane fuel, medicine, fibers and soup
Very Large Array
New Mexico has the largest OBSERVATORY (study space)
Johnson Space Center
space center located in Texas
Vance Air Force
NASA astronauts train here in Oklahoma.
oil and TECHNOLOGY is very important to there economy