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Wc1 - SmartBoard .pdfs - Unit #9 - The Making of Early Europe

Terms in this set (46)

-Justice is the constant and perpetual wish to render every one his due.

-Jurisprudence is the knowledge of things divine and human; the science of the just

and the unjust.

-The maxims of law are these: to live honesty, to hurt no one, to give every one his


-Slaves are in the power of masters, a power derived from the law of nations: for

among all nations it may be remarked that masters have the power of life and death

over their slaves, and that everything acquired by the slave is acquired for the master.

-Citizens are joined together in lawful wedlock when they are united according to law,

the man having reached the years of puberty, and the woman being of marriageable

age...provided that...they have the consent of the parents. It is not every woman that

can be taken [as a] wife: for marriage with certain classes of persons is forbidden...

thus, father and daughter, grandfather and granddaughter, mother and son,

grandmother and grandson, uncle and niece, etc...are incapable of lawfully marrying.

Brother and sister, indeed, are prohibited from intermarriage. [However], the children

of two brothers or sisters, or of a brother and sister, may (emphasis added) lawfully

intermarry. A man cannot have two wives at the same time, nor can a woman have a

two husbands at the same time.

-The power which we have over our children is peculiar to the citizens of Rome; for no

other people have a power over their children, such as we have over ours.

-The child born to you and your wife is in your power. And so is the child born to your

son of his wife, that is, your grandson or granddaughter; so are your great-
grandchildren, and all your other descendants. But a child born of your daughter is not

in your power, but in the power of its own father.

-An injury is defined as "anything, which is done without any just cause. An injury or

outrage is inflicted not only by striking with the fist, a stick or whip, but also by

vituperation (the use of harsh and abusive language) for the purpose of collecting a

crowd...or by writing, composing or publishing [words or poetry that are outrageous

and untrue].

-"[The amount of money] awarded [to a victim] of an injury or an outrage rises and

falls in amount according to the class and character of the [victim]. For instance, [if the

victim holds a government position] and is outraged by a person of low condition,

[such a victim is entitled] to greater pecuniary compensation (money_ than [if the

injury was inflicted by another government official].

-Robbery is defined as taking of personal property by using violence or threat. "It is

also declared that this [law] relates not only to robbery of travelers, but also to forcible

entries on land and houses, so as to deter people from all violent [theft] upon property.

"The penalty [for robbery] is three times the value of the property, and this whether the

robber be caught in the act or not. [However], if a man by mistake thought that

property was his own...he cannot be convicted of robbery.