Social Studies Chapter 10 Lesson
Terms in this set (45)
What types of weather that causes erosion?
wind, water, moving rock and sand.
Why are the formations in the Grand Canyon always changing?
Erosion takes place all the time
How was the Grand Canyon formed?
through Erosion and the Colorado River
What type of erosions is NO LONGER contriubutes to the changing shape of the Grand Canyon?
How does the Grand canyon continued erosion?
by the moving water from the Colorado River & blowing gravel and sand
John Wesley Powell
First to explored the Grand Canyon took a boat down the Colorado River. John Wesley also won't stories which started interest for people to visit. He was the first to call it GRAND canyon.
In 1903 visited the Grand Canyon Wanted to preserve it and make it a National Park
Why did the Grand Canyon become a National Park?
President Rosevelt wanted to PRESEVE it's beauty.
MUD BRICK - Native Americans in the southwest used this to make homes.
Means "VILLAGE" in Spanish. It also refers to some Native American groups in the SW
Where do pueblo people live?
In Adobe houses in cliffs
What are the landforms found in the Southwest region?
mountains, deserts, savanna, and wetlands
What are some of the different climates of the region?
Dry, humid, arid, hot and windy
A grassy plain with few trees grow, with a hot and seasonally dry climate
What does the saguaro cactus grow?
in the Sonoran Desert.
What is the symbol of the Southwest region?
How has the saguaro cactus adapted to desert living?
It's long, shallow roots spread to absord the rain water. It's ribbed trunk and branches expand to store additional water. It can store enough water to live through long, dry periods. (NOT) because it has white, night blooming blossoms
How does the saguaro help desert wildlife?
It provides SHELTER and WATER for the animals.
The SW is known for their growing technology industry. What are some technology industries in the SW?
Arizona factories manufacture~ Electronic equipment, aircraft, space vehicles and missiles.
In Texas~ Industries make computers, calculators, radios and electronic equipment.
Oklahoma~ assist the electronic, aviation and space industries
Why is New Mexico an importantant technology hub?
New Mexico Companies make computers, research laboratories, military resources. Scientists study nuclear energy.
A factory that separates crude oil into different groups of chemicals
What is the name given to the world's largest radio observatories?
The Very Large Array (New Mexico)
What is the climate of the SW like?
~It has a varied climate with different temperatures and precipitation ****
An area that gets less than 10 inches of rain a year
What does nonrenewable resouce mean?
It's a resource that CANNOT be replaced by nature, when it runs out, there is no more.
A FACTORY that SEPERATES crude oil into different groups of chemicals.
means village in Spanish and are descendents of the Anasazi.
DRY ,but not desert like
is a flat plain on which few trees grow. GRASSY plain with few trees It is hot and seasonally dry. Pines and Juniper trees grow there.
Name 3 types marsh plants?
grasses, wild grains and reeds
Name 2 types of plants that grow in the savanna?
Pines & junipers
Desert that stretches through Arizona, Mexico,
and Southern California.
Saguaro National Park
In Arizona - The SAGUARO CACTUS grows there.
Name two things that are important to the Southwest economy?
OIL and TECHNOLOGY
is considered is NONRENEWABLE and CANNOT be replaced by nature.
Town where people came to search for OIL and NATURAL gas.
List 5 products made from oil.
gasoline, airplane fuel, medicine, fibers and soap
Scientists study nuclear energy there. One of the largest RADIO observatories to observe space.
a businessman who thought there might be oil under Spindletop.
a mining engineer who drilled the gusher at Spindletop
An oil well that produces a large amount of oil.
Spindletop drilles the gusher
Johnson Space center
Located in Houston,Texas
Very Large Array
New Mexico has the largest OBSERVATORY (study space)
Vance Air Force
NASA astronauts train here in Oklahoma.