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ELA EOC: Poetry
Terms in this set (45)
literature written in lines and stanzas; uses emotionally charged language.
The "narrator" of a poem. He or she is speaking the poem written by the author.
the author's specific word choice.
an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
A brief reference to a real or fictional person, event, place, or work of art.
An object or action that means something more than its literal meaning.
two or more ideas, placed side by side in a text for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts
Ex: While I'm wide awake, she's no trouble sleeping
The attitude of the speaker within the poem.
Ex: humorous, sarcastic, ironic, solemn, objective, etc.
The central ,eaning or dominant message the poet is trying to deliver to the reader.
A poem that takes a word or phrase, writes it vertically on the page, and then builds each line beginning with one letter of the word/phrase.
a poem that focuses on an emotion and is musical.
a poem that tells a story in song, has a refrain
traditional Japanese poetry which is written with just three lines, often about nature; each line is limited to five, seven, and five syllables
poem that tells a story
lyric verse written in praise of a particular subject or object, often elevated in style and sometimes sung
a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead
a fourteen-line poem (has three quatrains and a couplet) with the rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg.
consists of unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter (Shakespeare uses it)
poetry with no meter and possibly no rhyme
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for sound effect and emphasis
words whose sounds suggest their meaning
Ex: whoosh, splash, buzz, hiss, kaboom
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables
Ex: Droning a drowsy syncopated time"
repetition of vowel sounds in a chunk of text. Ex: That must follow where it goes
the repetition of consonant sounds, but not vowels, in a chunk of text.
Ex: A worm named Maurice took the farm by storm (the repeated m-sound).
repeated similar sounds in words in a poem
Ex:"You did not walk with me
Of late to the hilltop tree."
rhyming at the end of a line
found inside a single line of poetry
Ex: "Poor Jesse had WIFE to mourn his LIFE."
words that almost, but don't quite rhyme
Ex: soul, all
The recurrence of stressed and unstressed sounds in poetry. Depending on how sounds are arranged, the _____ of a poem may be fast or slow, choppy or smooth.
a grouping of lines in a poem: 2-lines: couplet, 4-lines: quatrain, 6-lines: sestet, 8-lines: octave, etc
A single line of poetry.
pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in poems
unit of rhythm in a poem
breaking of a line in the middle of a phrase, clause, or sentence
the arrangement of rhymes formed by end rhyme.
To denote these, we mark the sounds with letters. A new letter of the alphabet is given to each new sound. AA BB CC DD, etc
two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit.
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
appeals to the reader's senses
the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things using connecting words, such as "like" or "as".
Ex: You came in like a wrecking ball.
A figure of speech comparing two unlike things, saying one is the other.
Ex: Love is a battlefield.
A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
Ex: cruel kindness, living death
a statement that appears to be self-contradictory or silly but may include a latent truth
Ex: I am nobody
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