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maintains and is responsible for reasoning, thought, memory, speaking sensation, sight, hearing, and voluntary body movement
regulates and controls the ANS and involved with emotions such as anger, fear, pleasure, pain and affection, temperature, appetite, water balance, and vasoconstriction and vasodilation
located below the cerebrum at the top of the brain stem; responsible for conducting impulses between brain parts and for certain eye and auditory reflexes
located below the midbrain in the brain stem; responsible for conducting messages to other parts of the brain and reflex actions including masticating, tasting, and production of saliva
lowest part of the brain stem and connects w/ the spinal cord; responsible for regulating the heartbeat, respiration, swallowing, coughing and blood
a column of nervous tissue and extending from the medulla oblongata to the first or second lumbar vertebrae; responsible for nerve conduction
intermost layer, closed attached to the brain and spinal cord and contains blood vessels that nourish the nerve tissue
four hollow spaces in the brain that are connected w/ each other and w/ the space under the arachnoid membrane
circulates continually between the ventricles and through the subarachnoid space; acts as a shock absorber to protect the brain and spinal cord
Autonomic Nervous System
helps maintain a balance in the involuntary functions of the body, allows the body to react in times of emergency
responds in time of emergency and prepares the body to act by increasing heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and slowing activity in the digestive tract
after the emergency to counteract the action by slowing heart rate, decreasing respiration, lowering blood pressure, and increasing activity in the digestive tract
Somatic Nervous System
consists of 12 pairs of cranial nerves and their branches and 31 pairs of spinal nerves and their branches
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