APUSH Chapter 21 IDs
Terms in this set (43)
..., expansionist who blended racist and religious reasons to justify American expansion in the 1880s and 1890s; he saw the Anglo-Saxon race as trained by God to expand throughout the world and spread Christianity along the way.
Our Country (1885)
..., Argues Anglo-Saxon superiority and Christianity's responsibility to "civilize" the "uncivilized" in the west and throughout the world-influences policies towards Native Americans and Imperialism
Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. (R-MA)
..., US statesman, a Republican politician, and a noted historian from Massachusetts. While the title was not official, he is considered to be one of the first Senate Majority leaders and was the first Senate Republican Leader, while serving concurrently as Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference. He is best known for his positions on foreign policy, especially his battle with President Woodrow Wilson in 1919 over the Treaty of Versailles, which the United States Senate never ratified.
..., ascended the Hawaiian throne in 1891; disliked the influence that American settlers had gained in Hawaii; unsuccessfully attempted to impose a new constitution that would have reassured her authority as ruler of the Hawaiian people
Alfred Thayer Mahan
..., United States naval officer and historian (1840-1914), a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I. Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a class of destroyers. His research into naval History led to his most important work, The Influence of Seapower Upon History,1660-1783, published in 1890
Influence of Sea Power Upon History
..., Alfred Mahan wrote in this in 1890 and he argued that control of the sea was the key to world dominance which led to the growth of the US Navy
McKinley Tariff of 1890
..., a Republican developed increase of taxes by an average of 48.4 percent on taxable products, including agricultural goods, the highest rate during peacetime, sponsored by Representative William McKinley
..., One of the causes of the Spanish-American War (1898) - this was when newspaper publishers like Hearst and Pulitzer sensationalized news events (like the sinking of the Maine) to anger American public towards Spain.
You furnish the pictures and I will furnish the war!
..., ~Stated by William Randolph Hearst to Frederick Remington when he was in Cuba
~Wanted him to keep painting for his sensational magazines
..., extremely aggressive and militant patriotism
We must be careful to prevent a spirit of jingoism from spreading at this time.
William Randolph Hearst
..., United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951). A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
General Valeriano Weyler
..., served brilliantly against the Cuban rebels, and commanded a corps of volunteers specially raised for him in Havana. He distinguished himself in the expedition to Santo Domingo in many fights, and especially in a daring reconnaissance with 1500 men he killed 120 in the heart of the enemy's lines, for which he got the cross with laurels of San Fernando.
..., forced hundreds of thousands of Cubans into guarded camps. The prisoners, including women, children, and the elderly, lived in miserable conditions with little food or sanitation. Over two years, disease and starvation killed an estimated 200,000 Cubans.
De Lôme Letter
..., Spanish Ambassador's letter that was illegally removed from the U.S. Mail and published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used by war hawks as a pretext for war in 1898.
"Remember the Maine! To Hell with Spain!
..., The Cry that resulted from the sinking of the battleship Mained yellow press just furied them even more. they lept to the inaccurate conclusion that the Spanish govt had been guilty of intolerable treachery.
"Splendid Little War"
..., nickname for the Spanish American War because there were few deaths from fighting (mostly just disease) and the U.S. became an imperialist power because of it
..., Was an amendment to a joint resolution of the United States Congress, enacted on April 19, 1898, in reply to President William McKinley's War Message. It placed a condition of the United States military in Cuba. According to the clause, the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave "control of the island to its people.", Legislation that promised the US would not annex Cuba after winning the Spanish-American war
..., The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
Commodore George Dewey
..., Followed Roosevelt's order to attack Spanish forces in the Philippines when war was declared; completely destroyed the Spanish fleet stationed at Manila Bay on May 1, 1898; was immediately promoted to admiral, becoming the first her of the war; his victory shed light on the adjusted purpose of war with Spain from just freeing Cuba to stripping Spain of all of its colonies
Treaty of Paris (1898)
..., (WMc) , The treaty that concluded the Spanish American War, Commissioners from the U.S. were sent to Paris on October 1, 1898 to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war with Spain after six months of hostilitiy. From the treaty America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philipines. Cuba was freed from Spain.
..., An organization that included many wealthy professionals like Mark Twain, Jane Addams, and William Jennings Bryan. created to oppose American involvement in the Philippines and other countries in the same way; wanted expansionist behavior eradicated and for all "Americans" in US controlled territories to have the same rights as citizens in the US. Also hinted at racism being a large part of expansion, and warned about possible economic back lashes.
..., a Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York who launched a revolution in 1895. He organized Cuban resistance against Spain, using an active guerrilla campaign and deliberately destroying property. He counted on provoking U.S. intervention to help the rebels achieve a free Cuba.
..., Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
..., Also known as The Boxer Uprising, this was the popular peasant uprising in China (supported nationally), that blamed foreign people and institutions for the loss of the traditional Chinese way of life. "Boxers" were traditionally skilled fighters that attacked Westerners, beginning with Christian missionaries.
Open Door Policy
..., Statement of U.S. foreign policy toward China. Issued by U.S. secretary of state John Hay (1899), the statement reaffirmed the principle that all countries should have equal access to any Chinese port open to trade.
..., the US began to fear that China would be carved into colonies and American traders would be shut out. To protect American interests, US Secretary of State, in 1899, a series of policy statements called the Open Door Notes
"White Man's Burden"
..., A poem by Rudyard Kipling written in 1899. It is also the name given to the idea that the culture of the native populations where European imperialism was occurring were inferior to western nations. Some interpreted Kipling's poem to mean that it was the duty of imperializing nations to bring western culture and sensibility to the savage native populations that were encountered in far off lands.
Big Stick Policy
..., Diplomatic policy developed by T.R where the "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy., This is Theodore's Roosevelt's policy remembered as "Walk softly and carry a big stick". This meant that the country should have amicable relations with other countries, and reserve force either economic of militarily in case of emergency 7: 1934-1941
"Great White Fleet"
..., A nickname for the ships of the US Navy that Roosevelt sent on a worldwide cruise to showcase American naval power; had large impressions on other countries and impressed many, which raised morale on foreign expansion and showed the benefits of a powerful navy.
Commodore Matthew Perry
..., The Commodore of the U.S. Navy who compelled the opening of Japan to the West with the Treaty of Kanagawa in 1854. Japan also agreed to help shipwrecked soldiers as a result. Matthew Perry brought many steam ships with him to show America's strength, and to intimidate and persuade the Japanese.
..., Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
Treaty of Portsmouth (1905)
..., formally ended the 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War. It was signed on September 5, 1905 after negotiations at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine (but named after nearby Portsmouth, New Hampshire) in the USA.
..., An agreement where the U.S. recognized Japan's sphere of influence in Korea, and Japan recognized the United State's sphere of influence in the Philippines. The Taft-Katsura Agreement was an initial step that paved the way for the signing of the Treaty of Portsmouth in September 1905.
..., An agreement reached between America and Japan in 1908. In this agreement the United States and Japan solemnly pledged themselves to respect each other's territorial possessions in the Pacific and to stick to the Open Door policy in China. (679)
..., (TR) , 1907 Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
..., A rider to the Army Appropriations Bill of 1901, it specified the conditions under which the U.S. could intervene in Cuba's internal affairs, and provided that Cuba could not make a treaty with another nation that might impair its independence. Its provisions where later incorporated into the Cuban Constitution.
..., (TR) , Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
..., An agreement in which the U.S would receive exclusive rights to construct and control a canal in Central America. It nullified the 1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, thus allowing the Panama Canal to be built.
..., President Taft's policy of promoting U. S. Interests overseas by encouraging American business to invest in foreign countries, particularly in the Caribbean and Central America.
..., Policy adopted by President Woodrow Wilson that rejected the approach of "dollar diplomacy". Rather than focusing mainly on economic ties with other nations, Wilson's policy was designed to bring right principles to the world, preserve peace, and extend to other peoples the blessings of democracy.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
..., A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata.
John J. ["Blackjack"] Pershing
..., nicknamed for all-black unit commanded in Spanish-American War; led U.S. forces into Mexico to catch rebel leader Pancho Villa dead/alive; pulled home by Wilson - called "punitive expedition" poisoned Mexican-American relations for 30yrs.
"Colossus of the North"
..., The name given to America by Latin America; we were seen as the overbearing policeman, after Spanish-American War.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 2 Part 1
Chapter 18 Imperialism
Chapter 18 Imperialism
AP US History Chapter 27 Vocabulary
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
GRE 单词补充 List12
GRE 单词补充 list 11
GRE 补充单词 list 10
GRE 补充词汇 list 9
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APUSH Midterm Political Parties
cotton economy and slavery
Amsco AP US History Chapter 13